March 2, 1970
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE
the direct election bernu~c I believe Umf
fully one-half of the Members of the
Senate s.re opposed to the direct syslem
but they would be unable to agree on
any substitute plan.
For that reason, it seems likely to the
junior Senator from Alabama that there
will be no reform at this point. Does the
Senator feel that that is a likelihooa ·>
Mr. CURTIS. I do. There are 34 of
the 50 States that would be adverselv
affected if we changed to the direc.t
election of the President. I do not believe
they have any such mandate f1 om
the people back home to lessen the
power of their sovereign States in choosing
Mr. ALLEN. The Senator's argumen1.
is that the voter in Nebraska wants to go
to the polls feeling he is going to be a
part of the Nebraska vote, and when the
Nebraska vote is counted it will count
for something because it will be represented
in the electoral vote of the State
of braska. It will not be commingled
wit 75 million other votes, and will be
·de tified with that single State .
. CURTIS. When I cast my vote in
·aska, it will not be bUlied under a
bstone in Chicago.
ORDER OF BUSINESS
The PRESII)H'(G OFFICER (Mr. HART
in the cha~Under the previous order,
the ~en_9oklr from Montana is recognized
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I
take the ft.oor of the Senate at this time
because of the serious situation in Laos.
I do so not to criticize, but, if possible,
to be constructive, to be helpful, and to
wave a warning flag about this area
which might perhaps be helpful in preventing
our becoming involved too deeply
and in too costly a manner. When I
speak of costly, I do not mean money
alone, but total cost, including manpower.
Perhaps, the Pathet Lao and their
North Vietnamese allles may btop the
offensive on the Plain of Jars, short of
the cities of Vientiane and Luang Prabang;
that would be in the pattern of
previous operations. Then again, they
may push forward against these two
capitals and press to the border of Thailand.
Only time will indicate what plans
and objectives may be involved . In any
event, the question of the "nonwar" or
the "secret-war" or "interlude war" in
Laos cannot be avoided any longer.
Notwithstanding the Geneva accord of
1962, the North Vietnamese are deeply
involved in this military situation. So,
too, is the United States. Press r eports
indicate that the Thais may also be engaged.
The involvement is so transparent
on both sides as to make less than useless
the effort to main tain the fiction of the
accord or even to exchange charge and
countercharge of violations. We are both
in it-North Vietnamese and Amelicans--
and we are in it up to our necks.
What disturbs me is that it is not only
that both naLions are forbidden by the
G€'neva ag-reement to use forces in Laos
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 45, Folder 72, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
82730 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE .lTarcll t n ;·o
b'•lt tha~ the P"re11ident ha3 also made
elnr that h#, doe<; not de~ire to see U.S.
ft~rt;e,. tw-d in LEJ.I)fi. May I add that I
h&vP ~lf:lY Cl>nfidt-n<:e lu the Pie~d ... nt's
J/, t,..nt.,,,.~ Y•·t tll•· Plf•: •·!lCf' of AmerJMMJ
1l,,JJt>.1·y !!4vj"''I~ ll!lJ! (J\t, eTS 1!1 ! , ;;,()')
':'J>.JitJ-A 1,.. '~tnlli'J~Ia.ll•f1 "'"'I I'Jnv .. r,
r>')f.-'lfl•.h~.,.nlllf).g' t.hr. <:ll.rJallr.n r1f Uv~
oy mean& of which men and supplles
move down intn South Vietnam. E~ tile
~ tok..-n. Ame:i<•
my hope thnt .. 1\.' 0ne ,,r U1t' ~ignnt,,rws
outside of Sout ht'Rst Asia. we wnukt ,., Ill
wtth the othf'rs in bnnA fict~ mnlt tlA tr '1
guarant~e!' of the 111'111 :'1\l:t;:
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