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18SO CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- SEN .ATE February 18, 1970
He has taken the lead with a meesage
wt promlsea Americana the r:na.t mu-.
ve cleanup job In history-the Job of
eanlng up our air, cleaning up our
ater, cleaning up the waste and rub.
sh and lltter from o!! our l.ll.nd.
He has taken the lead by sending to
1e Congress a packa.~e of seven bills
hich promises to do the Job he has
!edged wlll be done by his adminlstra.
It is my privilege and pleasure today
J Introduce In the Senate those bills.
Mr. President, let me talk for a melent
about the proposals embodied in
he President's mesSage and in the legis•
tion I Introduce today.
I will not try to enumerate these bills
n their order o! importance. All are
mportant. All are part of a whole. All
•re essential to the task at hand.
However, the most talked about bill is
he amendment to the Federal Water
'ollut10n Control Act that will provide
;4 billion in Federal funds for construc.
ion o! waste treatment plants ' during
;he next 4 years.
During this same period the bill proJoses
that local governments will con:
ribute another $6 billion, making this
" $10 billion progr·am. Administration
;tudies show that this amount is sufficient
to eliminate existing waste treatment
deficiencies in our Nation's towns
This is the bill, Mr. President, . that
can do more than any single piece o!
legislation to clean up our rivel"!l and
offshore areas which are now polluted
and repolluted daily by raw sewage and
industrial wastes. If we do not pass It
this year, next year could be too late for
some of our streams and lakes.
A second bill is designed to assure that
adequate financing will be available for
State and local governments to participate
In this massive program. To do this
the President is proposing the establishment
of an Environmental Financing
,Authority to assure that local communities
will be able to obtain enough capital
.>'n tavorable terms.
Mr. President, under this legislation
no munlcipality will be prevented from
building or -improving its waste treatment
facilities because of Inability to
finance such a project.
Under the bill, the Secretary of the
Interior would Identify communities that
are unable to finance at reasonable rates
the local share of approved waste treatment
grant projects. The Secretary
would guarantee timely payment of
principal and Interest on obligations that
are sold to the Environmental Financing
Authority for this purpose. The Authority
would obtain funds to make these
purchases by issuing its own taxable
obligations In the capital market In large
enough blocks to provide favorable reception.
The Secretary of the Treasury
would also be authorized to purchase
EFA obligations, thus assuring availability
of funds to meet the requirements
of the Authority.
The Interest mte at which-EFA would
purchase State and local obligations
would be determined by the Secretary of
the Treasury, taking into consideration
current yields on comparable Federal obligations,
obligations issued by EFA, and
municipal obligations. The Treasury
would make a differential payment to
EFA to cover the dlfl'erence between the
interest received on the tax-exempt
bonds purchase and the interest paid on
the taxable bonds Issued .
The Authority would have a five-man
Board of Directors, with the Secretary o!
the Treasury as Chairman. Each Director
will be a Government employee who
would not receive additional compensation.
Inltlal capital will be advanced
by the Treasury. EFA would be authorized
to charge fees !or Its commitments
and other services that are adequate to
cover all expenses and to provide !or accumulation
of contingency reserves. EFA
would be required to transmit to the
President and the Congress an annual
report o! its operations.
Two companlon measures In the area
of water pollution will provide for swl!t,
efl'ective enforcement of pollution control
measures and will give the Secretary
o! the Interior new flexibility to conduct
the necessary study, research and Investigations
Into new and better pollution
control programs and methods.
Mr. President, it ls absolutely essential
to provide !or efl'ective enforcement
o! our pollution laws if we are to curb the
The administration bill wlll do that In
a variety of ways including fines of up to
$10,000 a day against polluters who fall
to take remedial action. I believe that the
American people want and In fact demand
this kind of tough approach
against those who are fouling our rivers
In the area o! research, a small annual
appropriation ls sought in order to make
sure we advance constantly in our
methods of controlling and treating effluent
and industrial waste.
Mr. President, as important as clean
w&ter Is pure air. That air Is polluted
dally by the millions o! automoblles and
trucks that have become such necessities
to our modern society. That pollution Is
added to by thousands of industrial
pla.nts and factories that dally spew additional
tons o! pollutants into our skies.
The bill I am introducing today will
provide !or new, stringent pollution controls
on automobiles and will authorize
the Secretary of Health, Education, and
Welfare to establish standards governing
the composition o! fuels and fuel additives.
The bill will also authorize the Secretary
to esta.blish pollution standards for
factories and plants which contribute
significantly to the pollution problem.
Mr. President, the sixth bill I introduce
today deals with solid waste.
We here In America are faced with the
prospect of being literally burled in our
own garbage and litter. ·ours is a useand-
throw-away society. Disposable cans
and bottles, vast quantities o! paper, obsolete
and worn-out equipment of all
kinds litter our landscape.
One way to combat this vast accumulation
o! trash and junk is to reclaim
reusable metals, plastics, ceramics, glass,
paper, and the like.
The blll I introduce today will provide
!or investigations and research into ways
and means of making such reclamation
profitable. It will give specl.al attention to
the problem o! junk autos which are becoming
an ever more maJor problem in
Under the bill, studies and researc~
wlll be conducted by a Council on Environmental
Quality which thl.s bill will
set up. The Council will report annually
to the President the results of its research
and will recommend necessary legisla-tion
or executive action.
Finally, Mr. President, several o! us
in the Senate will introduce for the President
a bill that will take unused or underu.
sed Federal lands and make them
available for optimum use.
This bill specifically w111 make surplus
Federal lands available to State and local
governments for park and recreation
purposes at discount prices.
And It \vill Insure that proceeds !rom
such sales go to pay the cost o! relocation
of Federal activities on that property
and to the land and water conservation
So here we have it, Mr. President. A
package of seven bills that open the door·
to a cleaner, better America.
Obviously, these bills will not do all
that must be done !or all time. But they
are a major beginning at a time when a
begtnning is urgently needed.
Mr. President, I urge that this body
begin work Immediately on this legislation
and that we pass them as early in
this session as possible.
· Every day we delay makes the job of
cleaning up our Nation that much harder.
We cannot afl'ord to walt much longer.
Mr. President, ·I Introduce, for appropriate
reference, seven bills, and ask
unanimous consent that the text o! the
bills, together with explanatory material,
be printed in the RECORD.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bills
will . be received and appropriately referred;
and, without objection, tlie bills
and explanatory material will be printed
in the RECORD.
Mr. BENNETT. Mr. President, will the
Mr. SCOTT. I yield.
Mr. BTh'NETT. One o! these bills sets
up the Environmental Financial Administration.
Obviously, the Committee on
Banking and cw·rency has some responsibility
for that particular bill. Therefore,
I ask unanimous consent that that
bill be consecutively referred, first to the
Committee on Pu!Jlic Works, and then to
the Committee on Banking and Currency.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there
objection? The Chair hears none, and it
is so ordered.
The bill (8. 3466) to amend the Clean
Air Act so as to extend Its duration, provide
for national standards of ambient
air quality, expedite enforcement o! air
pollution control standards, authorize
regulation of fuels and fuel additives,
prpvide for improved controls over motor
vehicle emissions, establish standards applicable
to dangerous emissions from
stationary sow·ces, and for other purposes,
introduced by Mr. ScoTT, for himself
and other Senators, was received,
read twice by its title, referred to the
Committee on Public Works, and ordered
to be printed in the RECORD, as follows:
Be it enacted "by th.e -Senate and th.e
Howe of Repre3entativea of th.e Un>ted State•
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 45, Folder 66, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
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