s 11286 - s 11287 CON• RESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE August 10, 1967
THE UNITED NATIONS-THE U.S.
RESOLUTION ON VIETNAM
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, press
reports on yesterday indicate that the
executive branch is giving "serious consideration"
to calling up the U.S. resolution
on Vietnam which has been in a
limbo at the Security Council since the
beginning of the year. I am delighted
that the Departments are thinking of the
possibility because I know · and can assert
that the administration is most vitally
interested In the approach at the
U.N. which was discussed the other daY
by the distinguished Senator from Kentucky
[Mr. COOPER] and myself. ·
I should like at this point to clarify
what is involved in this approach, inasmuch
as there are indications on the basis
of press reports from Moscow and
other sources that some sort of miracle or
instant U.N. solution Is expected by the
Senator from Kentucky and myself. That
is the last thing that is anticipated. What
is expected, however, is an end to the
head-in-the-sand official position which
has been taken by the U.N. from the outset.
What Is expected Is a formal effort by
the U.N. Security Council to create at
least a. small opening to peace, a small
crack in the wall ol war.
Reports from the Soviet Union indicate
doubt in that nation as to the usefulness
of the U.N. and a. preference for
a. Geneva. conference, yet the Soviet
Union has not moved to convene a. meeting
of the Geneva. conference--even
though it is a. cochairman, and even
though Great Britain, the other chairman;
has indicated time and time a.ga.in
its willingness to join with Moscow to
call for a reconvening of that conference.
U Tha.nt has reiterated that he is
doubtful that any useful contribution
can be made by the Security Council;
yet he is not pursuing any unilateral efforts
at this time and has announced
that he has no intention of doing so.
I am impelled, therefore, to reiterate,
that the potential of the U.N., to contribute
to peace in Vietnam has not been
explored, much less utilized. The U.N. is
not a. one-man show or a one-nation
show. It is an organization with a charter
and procedures for moving in the kind
of situation which exists in Vtetna.m.
This Nation should welcome help from
thtrd parties, Mr. President, but we cannot
and should not wait for them to pursue
our diplomacy for us. we do not have
to appeal to others to take an initiative sary. I remember 1950, when I had the
on behalf of peace; we can take the in!- honor of serving in the United Natiotlll
tia.tive ourselves. The procedures of the as a representative of the U.S. GovernSecurity
Council are open to this Nation· n:cnt with the distinguished majority
as they are to any other to act on behalf leader. It was during the Korean war;
of its own interests in the restoration of and while the circumstances then were
peace. certainly more favorable for action of
This Nation can move, in effect, to call the Security Council, nevertheless, the
up the resolution which we introduced security Council took jurisdiction. We
and see to it, if necessary, that the ques- both remember that when the hearings
tion of taking it up is voted. The motion were held, representatives of all the nais
procedural and not subject to the veto. tions involved were there-from ComAnd
if the resolution is taker. up, this Na- munist China, North Korea, and South
tion can move to see to it \;hat all who Korea--and all had their opportunity to
might be directly or indirec;tly involved be heard before that body.
in the restoration of peace In Vietnam are As the war goes on, more and more
a.sked to appear before the Security troops are being sent to South VletCouncllln..
a discussion of this question- nam. There are more and more casualties
if not in New York, then somewhere else, and deaths. I again join with the distinperhaps
in Geneva, in open session, face- guished majo:ity leader to urge the
to-face meeting. United States to make the great effort
The invitation, moreover, can include necessary on its part to move toward
not only China and Hanoi but the NLF negotiations and toward peace.
or any other relevant party as well. The Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I
motion to invite, too, on the ba.sis of appreciate the remarks of the distinprecedent
is procedural and not subject gulshed Senator from Kentucky. I note
to veto. in this morning's newspaper that the
At this late date I think it is essential Soviet Union's view is against the idea
that the world know where every member of a Security Council meeting, because
of the U.N. Security Council stands- the Soviet Union contends that a discuswhere
we stand, where the Soviet Union, sion involving these participants does not
China, Hanoi, and all others stand-on require U.N. auspices.
the readiness to come to grips in prelim- The appropriate forum, it says, would
!nary open discussions of the problems of be a reconvened Geneva Conference,
restoring peace in. Vietnam, to the end since any settlement would have to prothat
we may begin to find some basis for ceed f:rom the basis of the 1954 Geneva
the restoration of peace. accords.
Again, Mr. President, I compliment the Mr. President, the Soviet Union, to-executive
branch and the Department of gether with the United Kingdom, is one
state for giving serious consideration to of the two cochairman of the Geneva
this matter, and I express the hope that Conference, and can at any time, on its
this Nation will take the lead in calling own initiative or in agreement with the
up its own resolution on Vietnam at the United Kingdom, reconvene the Geneva.
Security Council in the near future. If we Conference. , ..
are compelled to insist upon votes on pre- It is easy• to talk about peace. It is
lim1nary and procedural questions, then easy to find fault with proposals. But I
I believe votes are in order, indeed, long would suggest to the Soviet Union that
overdue. In my judgment, win or lose, the in this respect, because of its position
effort to open discussions on peace in a.s one of the two cochairmen of the
Vietnam at the U.N. Security Council is Geneva Conferences, it take the initiaproperly
made and should be made at this tive rather than find fault with efforts
time. Indeed, this Nati.on has everything which seek to bring about an ameliorato
gain and nothing to lose by making the tion of the present bitter and difficult
effort. situation in South Vietnam.
Mr. COOPER. Mr. President, will the After all, there is such an entity as
Senator yield? ' man, and responsible people must con-
Mr. MANSFIELD. I yield. sider the future of man, whether he is
Mr. COOPER. Mr. President, again, as American or European, Vietnamese,
I have in the past, I support the call of Chinese, Russian, or whatever.
the distinguished majority leader to our I think this is one valid way in which
Government to ask that it take the in!- to face up to the matter. Perhaps nothtiative,
without any reservation, to bring \ng could be gained by it, but certainly
the matter of Vietnam before the Se- nothing would be lost by trying.
curity Council of the United Nations.
I agree with him that whatever may be
the disposition ot other members of the
Security Council, and notwithstanding
statements of U Thant that it might not
be the most favorable time, one never
knows what is the most favorable time.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The time
of the Senator from Montana has expired.
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I ask
unanimous consent that the Senator
from Kentucky be recognized for 3
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without
objection, i~ is so ordered.
Mr. COOPER. Now is the most favorable
tl.rb.e to do what is right and neces-
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 43, Folder 74, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
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