812594 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE August 3, 1970
NEGOTIATIONS IN THE
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. Pr~ldent, I
em encouraged thnt at long In,t, more
than 3 years after the end or the 6-Day
War In 1967, that Isrnel. on the one
hand, tbe U.A.R., Jordon and, I understand,
Kuwait and Lebanon, also, have
agreed to consider the pos.'llblllty or negotiations
based on the 1967 United Nations
Security Council resolution. I am
sorry that Iraq, Syria, a.nd Alaerla have
refused to alvc tbelr assent to this effort.
In my opinion. the fact that there
1s agreement, If only In part as fo.r as all
of the countries Involved generally are
concerned, Is a good stnrt toward an
openlna or negotiations which may furnish
an opportunity to achieve a settlement
In this tinderbox area or the world.
Certainly, It Is tar better than a continuation
of the con!rontaUon which
has taken and Is still taking place a.nd,
most certainly, It Is a step away from a
confrontation whJch might well Involve
the two so-called superpowers of the
world-the U.s.S.R. and the United
Too much cred.t cannot be given to
Secretary of State Wllllam Rogers for his
patience, his tenacity, and his quiet determination
that somethJna must, should
and would be done to try to dampen the
names In the Middle East. Credit should
also be given to the Sovtet Union because,
while I have no definite Information
at. my disposal, I assume that President
Nasser's 19-day stay In Moscow had
much to do In the way or Egypt's acquiescence
to the Roger's prOpos'll. By
the same token. much credit should go to
Mrs. Golda Melr, the Prime Minister of
Israel, for her final acceptance of the
proposal. I am sure It was not easy !or
either President Nnsscr nor Prime MinIster
Melr to assent to the Roaer•s proposal,
I feel that they were both under
a tremendous amoun~ of preuure; but
to their credit, In the cauae or a possible
settlement and a possible peace, they
have both atven t.hetr ooc..ent.
There Is a good deal of emotion mixed
up 1n the question of the Middle Eaat
which must be taken Into conslderation
jiUld recognized and. because of that
;factor, it Ia all the more reasonable that
;we accept tho acceptances which have
;already been given. Let no one be under
any illusion about tile dlfllculties v.·hich
rwill oonlront all pnrUes d.lrecUy nnd lnld.
irecUy concerned once negotiations
,get undeN-ay but, at least. a breathing
ISpace may have been e.chleved and, hopeJfully,
the 90-day ceaae t\re contained in
tthe Roger's proposal will be extended lnrde.
It is my un~erstanding that a meeting
of tile Blg Four-the United State!!.
Soviet Union, Britain, and France-will
convene on Wednesday under the auspices
or the countries· respective U.N.
ambassadors and n.t that Ume will discuss
the posstbllillcs for progress and
peace In the Middle East with Ambassador
Gunnar Jarring. To Ambassador
Jarring, also. goes much credit !or his
willingness to undertake renewed efforts
to achieve a settlement In that part o!
Let us hope and pray that what wlll
get underv.'1ly shortly under the most
d.iflicult circumstances wUl meet with
progress and results in the weeks and
months ahead. Men of rea.son on botb
sides will be, I am sure, aware of the
possible cataclysmic results which will
follow if a settlement ls not achieved.
To all of the)'D. I wish good luck and
Mr. SCOTT. Mr. President. will the
dlslin1.'11ished Senator from New Hampshire
yield me 3 minutes?
Mr. MciNTYRE. I yield 3 minutes to
the distinguished minority leader.
Mr. SCOTT. Mr. President, I am very
pleased that the distinguished maJority
leader has said what he dld. I am In full
accord with whnt he sold. I must admit
that when the two great power talks began,
and then when the four great
powers became Involved, I was quite
skeptical u to whether they would lead
to any solution.
It Is cause tor n very considerable, yet
guarded, optimism Ulat the tlrst essenLial
step has been taken and a breakthrough
bas been had.
There is now more thnn a glimmer or
hope for peace in the Middle East. nn
area which controls the fate and t.he
destiny of thn-e continents. th"' cro:-,sroads
or the world, the vttalllfeline that
it is for the meaus of energy and defense
of so many nations.
It is much to the credit, as the distinguished
maJority lender has said, or
our really great Secretary of state,
Willlam Rogers, that he has so patiently
and diligently pursued tilese eaort.s.
It is to Lhe credit of the p-eat Russian
colossus that It hu st.own a responSlbility
and equal d~lre for peace.
One great solid fa.ct emerges !rom the
decision !or a 90-day ceaseftre. That Is
that the contending parties bave 1ndi-cated
bJ their action that they prefer
pea.;e to conUnued contlict.
ThJs 1s the beg:tnn.lng of aomethlnr
that might bring about a massive colleeUve
sigh of relief on the part of all
the peoples or the world.
Pr~e Mtnlster Golt.!a Me!r bas shown
st.at.csmanshlp on the part ot Israel. The
Arab Nations have lndleated that lt Is
clearly l..n their best interests not to
continue to exacerbate a bad situation.
The action ot President Nixon has
clearlY establ.lshed him as a man who
lo\(~S J)('ACe a.nd seeks it, as Indeed l..s the
mark of all Presidents generally, They
would certainly prefer peace to war.
Wlnat.on Churchill said:
J 11w, j(lW ~ better than war, wu.
And that sets the tone for what we all
hope wlll be going on.
I would Ukc to see the 90-day ceasefire
exLcnded indeilnitely until the swordJI
are beaten into plowshares. There ts
much need for food. There ts much
need for improvement or human conditions
In all of those countries. There
Is much need !or peace In the world. And
as t.hc President winds down the war In
Vietnam. as he concludes the agreement
wttb Spain tor the continuance or cer·
taln Spanllib bases, as be negotiates with
Russia In the sALT talks-which are
troillg very well so far-as all these thlnga
are done, the eaU for peace increase.~
a.nd may come to full bloom In the~e
Illt dOes. no one would be more happy
than I to see the Swedish Government
and tlle swedish officials proceed to call
together the chief officials of the United
States and So\iet Union In order to do
what. Theodore Roosevelt did with Russin
nnd Japan. He followed after the
ways that led to peace, as the Btble says.
It so, they w1U well deserve the Nobel
peace award from a grateful world.
We hope that Utis will happen. At any
rate. we are obviously advancing toward
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President. will
the Scnntor yield?
Mr. SCOTT. I yield.
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I au•
of the opinion that the remat·ks ma '
by tho President of the United State.'
his press conference last Thursd'\y n
1\lso add so1.1e influence In bringh
about a meeting of the minds on I
nc~rotlatlng basts covering that pnrt ·
lar area of the world.
Mr. SCOTI' Mr President, I th· !;
the disUnaull;hcd majority leader. I .,:l
agree that when the President indica <.
he was pledgmg the United s tntes l Jward
the secunty of the State or IsrnL·l
and. to a recogni[ion that the dl'fcn~c
ot Israel was C!.sential to the defense of
tho United States, he also strencthcnccl
the hands or the negotiators.
We would all say to Ambassador Jar~.
"Oo with pea.ce and bring r.cacc
back from these negotiations so that the
world mar see Its fears subside and may
again return to a state and condition
where less fear dominates tile minds o!
the world's peoples.''
I agalu thank the dlst.inguished senator
from New Hampshire !or yielding.
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 46 , Folder 46, Mansfield Library, University of Montana.
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