s 22866 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE
by John W. Finney is U1at the Department
of Defense made the statement.
This means that eventually we must
make up to the Department of Defense
this oil that is being furnished to Southcast
Asia. In the meantime, and now I am
drawing upon my imaglna.tion, bolstered
a bit by past experience and observation,
much of that oil is likely to be
bombed out by the North VIetnamese.
I am one of those Senators who long
SUPported the President as he slowly,
gradually, painfully, and conscientiously,
I believe, dragged us out of Southeast
Asia and brought our American personnel
home. I did so because we were so committed
with one-hall million men over
there. We were so hee.vily committed that
I felt we could not abruptly impede the
careful effort to extricate ourselves. But
it would seem obvious that we are not
going to be able to continue-by money
and by oil, by supplies and by ammunition-
to bolster them up. Certainly the
South Vietnamese can fight and I guess
they do fight. But; the Cambodians are
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, will
the Senator yield?
.----..Mr~. COTTON. I yield.
. MANSFIELD. I think the figures
announced by the Senator are coiTect:
22,000 barrels a day to South Vietnam
and 1,500 barrels a day to Cambodia. No
mention Is made of Laoo, but certainly
they are getting some oil, too. I understand,
if my recollection is correct, that
this 23.550 barrels of petroleum amounts
to 1 m.Dllon gallons.
Furthermore, it is my understanding
that South Vietnam, in its relationship
with the Arab countries, has not been
cut off, but after we quit supplying them
out of our stocks, and the mllltary takIng
care of them 100 perecnt, South
Veit"nam can expect to bUY oil from the
Middle East, but that we will pay for
that oil, too.
So I think the Senator has raised a
very valid point. There is still too much
American participation in Indochina in
the form of civilians and otherwise and
hundreds of millions of dollars 'very
likely billions of dollars, still being spent
there, when the war was supposedly concluded
the early part of this year.
-J!:tr. COTTON. I - thank the distinguished
Mr. President. I have just been handed
this item from the news ticker tape:
Commerce Secretary Frederick Dent today
moved to curb rising exports ot petroleum
by requiring exporters-starting tomorrowto
get licenses to ship oil and other petroleum
products out ot the country.
Further quoting Secretary Dent:
Said exports ot energy-related products
a veraged 43,300 barrels per day during the
first teo months ot this year. This was only
0 .3 percent ot the estimated domestic demand
ot 17 mlllloo barrels a day and 0 8 percent
ot the amount ot petroleum products
the United States Imported during that
One Commerce Department official aaid
the aver-'l.ge daily exports or 4:l ,300 barrels
per dny In the ftrst 10 months of 1973 did
not Include oii made ava1lable to South Vietnam
through U.S. mUitary nuthonties. This
ou. taken from U.S. military stocks have
been estimated to range as high as 1 mlilioo
barrels per day.
So that Is the situation. Mr. President.
We are not going to save Southeast Asia
by oil. We are not going to save them unless
they can save themselves, in the
In New England we are facing perhaps
the greatest hardship, as great as any
section of the country and greater than
most sections of the country. and where
we are now further restricted to 15 percent
less fuel oil than we had last year.
I do not know how any Senator from
the States in New England or from
Minnesota or from the Northern border
States with Canada, the cold-weather
States of this country facing the coming
winter, with no prospect, no real, assured
prospect, despite all the optimistic comments.
that have been made, of obtaining
more Imports, could sit here, in justice to
the people that we represent, and not do
something to check that flow of precious
oil that we need so badly .
This Senator had hoped that when we
got the men home from Southeast Asia
we could get clean out of that situation.
We cannot--thilj, country canno~ontinue
forever to bear the burden or continue
the hopeless task of maintaining
the defense of people who, in most cases,
seem unable to defend themselves. They
have our sympathy and they have our
cooperation, but we cannot drain the
lifeblood of this country, even though
apparently we have gotten out of the
Asian war. If we are going to do this sort
of thing in this crisis, the next step you
will hear is that we want to send some
American troops back to help them It
will come as surely as night follows day.
We have to draw the line somewhere and
get out of it clean.
I speak as a Senator who steadfastly
supported our effort throughout those
long, weary years when the President of
~he United_ States, and·I honor him for
10. was try:mg to extricate us, as he expressed
it, with honor. But there is a
time when we owe something to our own
people, and I offer this amendment conscientiously
because I do not think we
are going to do any good, in the long run.
by sendmg oil over there, to be destroyed
by the enemy.
I am not doing it selfishly for the people
I represent. I think I do it conscientiOusly
as a national policy. But I will
add, Mr. President--and this will terminate
my remarks-that I do not propose
to see my people suffer from the cold in
New England and see this oil going out
of the country and know, in addition to
that, that the Pentagon, without our
knowledge, is expecting us to make up,
from al:e:>dy scarce domestic supplies,
this drammg of such oil as they furnish
to these governments, from the military
reserves controlled for military defense
However, other government statistics
showed that petroleum exports rose sharply
In November, and Commerce Department officials
uJd that, because exporters could get
higher prices overseas, exports probably
would continue to rise unless the government
Therefore, I hope this amendment will
be adopted, and i: ask for the yeas and
Decembe,· Jl, 1.?7J
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 49, Folder 41, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
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