IT'S PltST TIMB ro ru!WCE U. S. MILI'l'AR!' PORCl!S IN WROPE
UD1 ted Statee Senator
It is lo~ peat time that a substantial D\1t!i)er or American military
personnel 8DCl their depencSenta in Ehrope be brought hcr.Mt to t.be United States.
I have a4vocated such a ubstantial reduct.S.oo in our t'orcea tn Qarope oa the
basis ot both principle aD4 economics.
It ts also ti that tbe caantriea o1' Western E.\1rope··vb1ch hav
regained tbeir pro.perity stnce tbe war--should pl.q a greater part in their
I have never advoeated an abrupt v1 thdraval or drav-clowD of' U. S.
forces 1n &trope. I beltev that auch a vt tbdrawal should be gradual tn
fa1l"D88s to our allies.
At one timl!t the Url1 ted States had u ID8D)P u 385,000 military
peraonnel 1n stem ~rope. 'ftlat numer baa «J.cltned to a little UDder
300,000 at pre8ent. Yet over-all ve nov have about 525,000 servicemen and
dependents 1n l!brope a quarter ot a century atter the end ot tbe war.
Although the cl1rect costa to the United States aN said to be about
three billton dollars a year, tt takes about $1.4 btlltoa a year out ot our
det use bu4pt to ntatn the torcea we have tn rope.
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 47, Folder 8, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
'l'he NATO meet1ns in Brussels 1n early December 1970 was to me a
deep a1Npp01ntment because at the firm pledge made by the exeeutive branch
ot th U. s. gcwemment to ma1nta1D the present level ot U. S. torcea in
Europe. I wu also 41aappo1nted by the respoaae ot our IIATO alllea to our
pres81Dg financial burdeu. America • 8 NATO partners are get tins ott v ry
cheeply at a propoeed tigure ot $195 m1111on a year ewer the next tive years.
'D1e c<:lq)romi&e nt&Ched between President liXCil' 8 aWDietration and America • s
UMO allies oru.,. detera a probles:2 vbich calla far clraatic attention.
'J.be eDd result vUl be, in ttr judgment, a estern European cont.1Dent
wakar than ever IIDd the poeaibUi ty that tbe problem will be aolvs at some
time in tbe future in a baety aDd unv1ae manner.
It ia argued that w are waiting tor the Soviet Union to otter ua
a 9.!!! pro e to reduce our costly conteet. It tbat ia tbe cue, it we intend
to wait \D'lt11 tbe Soviet Union maJr.ea a substantial reduction ot ita troops in
tern a.u-cpe, we are aoln6 to vat t a very long time. It that ia our policy,
we bad better become accuat..awct to matnta1ntng a v1rtual.ly permanent American
presence in weatem Alrope.
I ha4 hoped that tho Mimn administration voul.d, af'ter JUDe 301 1971,
begtD a substantial reductiClD ot rtcan troopa and dependents 1n stern
Europe. While economic considerat1ona 1ntlueace my tbinldns, they are ot
secoa4ary etgnittcance. !here is a re important principle at stake.
As I understand the 1xon Doctrine, its purpo ia to n:a1nta1n a
lov p1'0t1le all t7ter the world--to bring about a gradual vitbdraval ot rtcan
t1'00p8 trom abroad and to haatze that tbe people tn the regions ccmceme
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