Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 38, Folder 47, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
Statement of Senator Mike Mansfield (D. , Montana)
Jl' 'J 17 1957
According to the press it appears there is a possibility of agreement
among the Western powers to advocate the stationing of United Nations
Emergency Forces along the Gaza strip and along the entrance on both the
mainland and the islands to the Gulf of Aqaba until the perennial questions
between Israel and Egypt over these areas is settled. It would be my hope
that the United Nations Emergency Forces would be so deployed and would
remain in these areas until a final negotiated settlement of their status had
been reached, There is nothing to be gained by returning to the status quo~
because if the question of the Gaza strip and the free use of the Gulf of Aqaba
are not settled, there will be no settlement at all but only a worsening of what
had been a most difficult situation.
The right of free entry without hindrance for the ships of all nations
through the Gulf of Aqaba must be maintained. It is my understanding that at
the pre sent time a pipeline is being built £rom the Israeli port o£ Elath on the
Gul£ of Aqaba, that it is one -third completed, and that its terminal point will
be Haifa on the Mediterranean .
To return to the status quo~ in the Strait of Tiran would mean the
blockade once again of the Gulf of Aqaba and the creation of a situation which
would be detrimental to all parties concerned, including the United States and
Western Europe. It is time for a peaceful settlement of these two areas within
the United Nations, and it is to the interests of the Western and Arab worlds
that the temporary United Nations police fo r ce be stationed permanently in
these two areas until an agreement is reached.
It is tirr,e also for the United Nations to begin working toward the
creation of a permanent United Nations police force. In this respect it would
be well for the United States to take the lead.
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