1959 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE 1053
Una to tbe Kaw River, 60 miles and •1'~
mllllon away. Emporlan.a look fearfully at
nearby towna that lmport water by tank
cars, at •so a montb a family.
One town wag baa predicted "waterlegglng,"
and a few peaalmlate believe It may
come to that. Emporlane worry about ftre,
which would crean out the supply, and dla~
aae, because they fear the eewere aren't
being ftuahed often enough.
Already the city admits Ita program to
attract lnduetry Ia dead. "What Industry
will consider a town that can't guarantee
water?" But moat people feel rain will come
before real mlaery 1eta ln. Emporlana Inlilt
they are not really auft'erlng. "It's just
this annoyance, thll living In the past," says
But 10~ pJOple !eel that the annoyances,
continued much longer, will leave a mark
that can't be erased. No one has fted Emporia
yet. Practically the whole town Is
cooperating with voluntary restriction; only
one woman baa been ftned UO tor washing
her car with olty water. But just occasionally
you hear naahea of grumbling about
old 'Soandao," who takes a bath every night
and aays nuts to restrictions. It Is this
brother-against-brother bickering that Emporia
fears more than drought.
"It'a lite or death now for Emporia," says
McDaniel. "It we don't get rain-real ralnr
don't know what we'll do." No one In
[Prom the Sprlngfteld (Ohio) New Sun,
Oct. 12, 19581
()metAL 0'0Tl.INES WATD'S IMPORTANCE IN
(By Ferd H. Kruecll:eberg)
The domination or water over all forms or
ll!e le evident througllout history. Nl the
population o! the Nation upands. the deman4
tor water Increases, not only because
the per capita requirements Increase but
particularly because of the Increased need ot
water tor agricultural and Industrial purposes.
In areas where farmers must Irrigate, It
Ia round that It takes 6.250 gallons ot water
to produce 1 bushel o! corn, and tor a bushel
ot wheat It takes 7,500 gallons o! water.
In Industry we l!.nd these needs: 470 gallons
to produce a barrel or beer; 770 gallons
to refine e. barrel or petroleum; 3.600 gallons
to produce a ton ot coke !rom coal; 6.000
gallons to generate one kilowatt hour; 50.000
gallons to test an alrplnne engine; 65.000
gallons to make a ton o! steel; 200.000 gallons
to produce a ton ot viscose rayon; 320.000
gallons to produce a ton o! aluminum; 600,-
000 gallona to produce a ton o! synthetic
rubber. and 5 million gallons to produce a
ton ot bromine.
Other apeclftc requirements Rre: The mnnu!
acture or an automobile weighing 1'• tons
takes 400 tons or water. It takes 5 gallons or
water to make 1 quar& ot motor oil It takes
80 gauona o! wat~r to heat an electric Iron
tor 1 hour. It tnk~s 60 gallons o! water to
can 1 bushel o! tomatoes.
New Industrial techniques. Including the
harnessing o! atomic power and the production
o! aynthetlc !u~la, require more and
In many Industries the problem o! securIng
sumctent quantity o! usable water at
reasonable rates Ia a presalng one. In tact.
water supply Ia R prerequisite In site selection
In ate~!. paper pulp, paper board, wool scourIng.
food and chemical proces~ea.
The dispersal o! Industry Into semi-rural
Rreas has revived keen Interest nil across the
NRtlon In the study o! water supplies. Prudent
Investigators !or growth Industries will
determine the qunntlty. quality, and cost o!
water through their researcl\. They ndvlse
us that the necessity o! l!.ndlng a water supply
that does not require extensive conditioning
Ia Important. High presaure and low
pressure steam are lmportant throughout
industry In general, particularly In chemIcals
and food industries, paper and textile
Anlshlng. Large amounts o! cooling water
are r~qulred ln the manufacture o! Iron and
steel, In metal processes, and In modern
plants using alr conditioning and Other re!
Water Is a most Important Item !or Industry.
No other common 1ubstance Is so
peculiarly suited to Industrial needs. Not
only Is water capable o! removing heat from
objects, it also conversely baa a greater hettttreatlng
capacity than any other common
Ohio uses 15 billion kilowatt hours ot
electricity annuaUy. This requires a stupendous
volume ot water-1.200 billion gallona,
a quantity that would !Ill a reservoir a mile
wide and 10 miles long to a depth ot 67 teet.
Seven billion gallons of water a day Ia the
combined volume o! the Industries In Ohio.
It must be evident that water Is R determIning
factor In lndustrlo.l development.
Sprlngfl.eld has not only done something
about the problem o! water shortage. they
have done the job or going all the way to
have the best supply or qu!lllty water In the
entire State o! Ohio. Now we have !Rvorable
recommendations from the Ohio State Department
or Health. who In 1950 announced
they had ad,·tsed against new industry movIng
to Springfield because ot the Inadequacy
o! tbe water system.
In the spring ot 1950 a vast underground
reservoir of water In the Springfield Rrea wns
discovered. Investigation showed that the
Mad River Valley Is probably the best waterproducing
area In the State. Here now wns
the challenge and opportunity for Sprlngfl.eld.
It Is to the credit ot the citizenry or Springfield
that they had the courage or their convictions
and planned with ~oundne'-8 and determination
to eliminate the water problem
tor generations ahead.
Teamed with this development comes now
a new spirit, a desire tor yet a fl.ner city.
This spirited plan was captured and written
Into a "Blueprint For Progress." authored by
our cRpable city commission and endorsed
at the polls by the voters.
The manu!:>.cturer who wishes to set \tp
shop In the most fnvornble circumstances
will do well to look to Sprlngneld, Ohio.
LIMITATION OF DEBATE DURING
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President. under
the rule, there will be the usual
morning hour for the Introduction of
bills and the transaction of other routine
business. I ask unanimous consent that
statements in connection therewith be
limited to 3 minutes.
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Without
objection, it is so ordered.
The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the
Senate the followmg letters, which were
referred as indicated:
REPORT ON TIIAININC AND STRtNCTHENINC
OF RESERVE FORCLS
A letter from the Secretary ot Defense,
transmitting. pursuant to law. his report on
the status o! training o! each Reserve component
or the Armed Forces and the progrc~s
made In strengthening o! the Reserve components,
during the nscnl yenr 1958 (with nn
accompanying report); to the Committee on
APPROVAL OJ' CERTAIN ARMl':D FORCI:S PROJECTS
A letter ftom the Acting Secretary ot Detense.
reporting, pursuant to law, that ap•
proval bad been given tor extension ot a
runway at the Ontario Municipal Airport,
Ontario. Call!., and the restoration of a pier,
Na\'111 Reserve Training Center, Baltimore,
Md ; to the Committee on Armed Services.
RUOIIT ON HEt.ro:14-PROD'O'criON FVND
A letter ftom the Administrative Assistant
Secretary o! the Interior. reporting, pursuant
to law, on the Helium-Production Fund, tor
the fl.scal year 1958; to tbe Committee on
PROPOSED DoNATION 8T NAVY DEPARTMENT OF'
BOAT TO CrrY OF BOSTON
A letter !rom the Assl~tant Secretary ot the
Navy (Material), reporting. pursuant to law,
that the Department o! the Navy proposes
to donate a 63-!oot aircraft rescue boat to
the Pollee Department, City ot Boston; to
the Committee on Armed Services.
STATISTICAL S'UPPLEMENT TO STOCKPILE
A letter !rom the Director, Otl!ce o! Civil
and Defense Mobilization, Executive omce
ot the President, transmitting. pursuant to
law, a secret statistical supplement to the
stockpile report !or the period ended June
30. 1958 (with an accompanying report; to
the Committee on Armed Services.
REPORT OJ' DIRECTOR OF Srt.ECTIVt: SERVICE
A letter !rom the Director, Selectl,•e SenIce
System, Washington, D.C., transmitting.
pursuant to law, his report on operations o!
the Selective Service System. tor the fl.scal
year ended June 30, 1958 (wllh an accompanying
report); to the Committee on ArmPd
A'O'Drr REPORT ON Elo:CHA!f
A letter from the Secretary ot the Treasury.
trnnsmlttlng. pursuant to law, an audit
report on the Exchange Stabilization Fund
!or the pertod July 1, 1957, to June 30. 1958
(with nn accompanying report ) ; to the Committee
on Banking and Currency.
INTEREST RATE 0!>1 VE:TERANS' ADMINISTRATION
A letter from the Administrator, Veterans'
Administration, Washington. D.C .. transmitting
n draft ot proposed legislation to amend
chapter 37 o! title 38, United States Code. to
lncreRse the authority ot the Administrator
ot Veterans' AO'nlrs to prescribe the lnter<'st
rate on Veternns• Administration guaranteed
loans (with an accompanying pnpcn:
to the Committee on Banking and Currency.
DISTRICT OF' COLU~1BIA CHARTER ACT
A letter from tile President, Board of Comml•
sloners. Olstnct o! Columbia, transmitting
n drnrt or proposed leg•slatlon w
provide for the District or Columbia an appolntt-
d Governor and secretary. and an
elected legislative assembly and nonvoting
Delegate to the Hou.,e ot Representallves. and
for other purposes ( wtth an accompan,·ing
paper!; to ~he Committee on the Dtstrlct 01
EXPENSES Or GOVERNMENT OF THE DIST1ttCT OJ
A letter !rom the Pre~ident Board of· Commissioners,
Dt:,trlct of Columbia. transmitting
a draft or proposed legislation to
amend the act en~itled "An act makln-; npproprlatlons
to provide tor the expenst-a of
the government of the District ot Columbia
tor the nee::.! year ending June 30, 1911. and
!or other purposes," approved ::ltay 18, 1910
(wt~h an accompanying paper); to the Committee
on the District of Columbia.
ABOLISHMENT OF' OFFICE OF' REGlSTT.R OF THE
A letter !rom the Secretary o! the Treasury,
tr:.nPmlttlng n draft or p:oposed llgl•lntlon
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 40 , Folder 5, Mansfield Library, University of Montana.
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