21530 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE ~§~~er 8'
However, in compliance with
mitment which I I have
the RECORD the letter frCllllii,..P-""'1
ment of State.
SecondlY, Mr. President, a story appeared
more recently charging that the
U.S. labor attache in Rome had brought
pressure to bear on the Italian Government
to induce It to compel the striking
crew members of Cuba-bound Italian
ships to return to work. The State Department
denied this report promptly,
categorically, and in considerable detail.
I rejoice that there was no truth to this
report and I congratulate the State Department
on its Immediate effort to
clarify the situation.
I ask unanimous consent that that
letter may also be printed in the
There being no objection, the letter
was ordered to be printed In the RECORD,
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, D.C., September 25,1962.
Hon. KENNETH B. KEATING,
DEAR SENATOR KEATING: I understand that
you are anxious to learn the circumstances
behind the front-page story In the WashIngton
Dally News ot Friday, September 21,
1962, which quotes the National Maritime
Union as alleging that our labor attache
In Rome had brought pressure tc bear on
the Italian Government to Induce It to compel
the striking crew members o! two Cubabound
Italian ships to return to work.
I am happy to be able to supply a full
report. Our Embassy at Rome has denied
the allegation and Informed the press that
It was "obviously nonsense." A senior official
pointed out that under Italian law It
Marine has categorically dented to the Embassy
that the Italian Government, for Its
part, had In any way attempted to Induce
the striking crew members of the two ships
to continue the voyage. The Ministry offichu
pointed out that under Italian law It
was administratively Impossible to force seamen
to sail on a merchant ship, since hiring
and firing o! seamen Is a matter strictly
between the seamen, their unions, and the
The only Involvement of the labor attach6
was to Inquire o! an official o! the
leading Italian free labor union: which is not
a party to the dispute, what was happenIng
In the affair o! the two ships, which
had been reported In the Italian press. He
did not In any way attempt to persuade the
Italian Government to force Italian seamen
to said the ships. On the contrary,
the Embassy had occasion earller
to point out to a representative o! the company
which operates one o! the ships that
any cargoes, even nonmlll tary ones such as
that Involved In this case, were o! assistance
to the Soviet-run Castro regime.
You may also be Interested to hear that
on September 9 , the Under Secretary of
the Italian Ministry ot Merchant Marine
Issued a strong public statement that supplying
strategic SOviet material to the Commuul.
st d.lctatorlal regime In Cuba would be
In contempt o! tbe obligations o! Atlantic
SG!t!larlty and In violation ot It&ly'a adherence
tv ~TO. The statement also
warned that the Italian Government would
take nece.ary act!OD aplnet anyone wbo
'f'lolated tbe dutlee or the alliance in COllusion
with the eDemy.
I hope this Information will be o! lntereat
FREDERICK G. DUTTON,
CORRECTION OF THE RECORDMONTANA
DAMS AND POWER
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, on
page 20991, the last column of the
RECORD for October 4, the statement as
contained by me relative to what I said
on the proposed Knowles Dam, in referring
to the Cabinet Gorge and the Noxon
Dams which were built in Montana,
Every single bit of power generated In
Montana goes out of the State of Montana.
The RECORD should read:
Every single hit o! power generated In
Montana at the Cabinet Gorge and Noxon
Dams goes out o! the State o! Montana.
I ask unanimous consent that this correction
be made in the permanent
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The
correction will be made, as indicated.
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, as
long as I am speaking about the proposed
Knowles Dam, I wish to state that
in addition to my support of a multipurpose
dam, on the same basis as the
Hungry Horse Dam which was built in
the Flathead country, that the following
have been the stipulations which my colleague,
the present presiding officer of
the Senate and I have laid down as basis
for our supnort of any Federal multipurpose
project in the State of Montana.
As I stated on Thursday last in the debate
on the proposed Knowles Dam:
First. If the Senate and the House
eventually authorize a proposal, it is the
intention of my distinguished colleague
and myself, as well as the Representative
of the Western District of Montana in
which the project is located, to see to it
that a preferential proportion of the
power generated in western Montana is
kept in western Montana for the benefit
of the people of the whole State. I wish
to reiterate what I said then and to emphasize
my position in this respect as
strongly as I know how.
Second. The project must be feasible-!
think it is feasible, but authorization
of Knowles will call for more detailed
planning and any doubt which may
exist as to its feasibility will, I am sw·e,
be then removed.
Third. People in the area directly
affected must be in favor of the proposal.
Fourth. The present level of Flathead
Lake must be maintained and nothing
must be done to change the position of
the inlet at Flathead Lake.
Fifth. The rights of the Indians must
be protected and adequate compensation
given for any rights or any loss
which they may incur.
Mr. President, I repeat, this has been
my position and the position of my colleague
!Mr. METCALFl, and our colleague
in the House, Representative· OLsn on
any Federal multipurpose project in my
State and Will continue to be our Pa------------ Aug. 22,1962
t"i~g; g;.~~: :t::-;::.:::::::: :::::~~::::::::
Boulder Lako, Wyo......... Oct, 2, 1962
$"2, 080, 978
2, 843, 300
3, U'J4, 298
Total ....•...•...••••• · ·········-···· 18.008, 017
ORDER DISPENSING WITH CALL OF
On request of Mr. MANsFIELD, and by
unanimous consent, the call of the Legislative
Calendar, under the rule, was dispensed
BASIS LAID FOR OBTAINING
BALANCED POSTAL BUDGET BY
Mr. JOHNSTON. Mr. President, before
this cw-rent session of Congress is
adjow-ned, I want to call the attention
of my colleagues to the basL-, laid in the
postal rate and pay bill, H.R. 7927, for
obtaining a balanced postal budget by
1965. I shall ask to include in the CoNGRESSIONAL
RECORD a Statement concerning
this matter which should be heartening
to every Member of Congress.
As Senators will see from this statement,
once the postal rate bill has run
its course, the revenues and expenditw·es
of our great Post Office Department will
be in balance. It is my sincere hope
that we shall be able to keep it in balance
for many years to come.
It seems to me that, with the proper
use of mode1-n systems, we should be
able to develop the efficiency necessary
to increase volume and at the same time
reduce unit costs. Under a Democratic
Postmaster General, we have already
made significant strides in the direction
of increased efficiency and elimination of
frills. I believe that studies to be commenced
next year on mail classification,
postal costs, and mechanization will go
a long way-toward attaining a balanced
postal budget, and will keep it so in the
I ask unanimous consent to have the
statement previously referred to printed
in the RECORD at this point.
There being no objection, the statement
was ordered to be printed in the
RECORD, as follows:
A BALANCED POSTAL BUDGET BY 1965
H.R. 7927, as amended In the Senate, provides
rate increases In excess of those approved
by the House committee in September
1961. The Senate version of this measure
provides a firm basis for achieving a balanced
postal budget by 1965. Recognizing,
of course, that volume and expense will increase;
nevertheless, as volume increases, so
wlll revenues. Postal efficiency should permit
volume Increases at lower unit costs.
An analysis with respect to the d eficit
[In millions or dollars J
H.R. 7927 will produce_______________ ' 600
Public services allowed______ _____ ___ '373
ICC hike In parcel post revenues_____ 3 135
Total additional income _______ 1, 108
Postal deficl t, fiscal year 1963 _. _. _. _ 832
Additional postal pay ($363 million
less 25 percent, or $91 million)----- •272
Total additional cost---------- 1,104
'Any further upward adjustment in postal
rates woUld be contrary to the 1968 act (Public
Law 86-426) which provides that revenue
and expense should be approximately equal,
after adjustment for public services.
• Public service estimates adjusted upward
resulting !rom pay modifications contnlned
In H.R. 7927.
• Data contained in present ICC parcel post
• Sec. 1007 or H.R. 7927 calls tor the absorption
of pay costs. The total cost to the
Post Office of $363 million Is adjusted by lipproximately
25 percent to allow for absorption.
This absorption would be less than 2
percent of a. $5 billion postal budget. Such
would appear reasonable in light of the Postmaster
General's record to date. and thC'
statement by the Deputy Postmaster General
in 1961 that, given time and authority.
the Post Office Department could SA\'C $300
STATE DEPARTMENT REBUTTALS
Mr. KEATING. Mr. President. some
time ago, there was discussion on the
Senate floor with regard to two incidents
reported in the press. The first involved
an article which appeared early in September
by the reporters Robert s. Allen
and Paul Scott. The article charged
the eXistence of a note from Khrushchev
to President Kennedy the weekend before
the 1961 ill-fated Cuban invasion, a note
threatening Soviet retaliation in West
Berlin if the United States used American
forces a.gainst Cuba.
At the time of that discussion I sLated
that I had asked the Department of State
for clarification of the extent to which
there was a connection between Berlin
and Cuba and, specifically, to respond to
the inquiry whether there was such a
note from Mr. Khrushchev to President
I said that I would place in the RECORD
later the reply from the Department of
State. The Department of State has replied.
It has denied the existence of
such a written communication prior to
the Bay of Pigs invasion. I ask unanimous
consent to have that letter printed
in the RECORD at this point.
There being no objection, the leiter
was ordered to be printed in the RECORD,
as follows :
SEPTEMBER 10, 1962.
Hon. KENNETH B. KEATING,
DEAR SENATOR KEATING: This letter is In
further reply to the telephone Inquiry from
your office this past week as to whether a
letter was received by the U.S. Government
from Chairman Khrushchev immediately
prior to the events at the Bay of Pigs In
April1961, wherein Khrushchev stated, in the
words of your secretary, the Berlin Issue will
be raised if Cuba is invaded. I am Informed
that no such letter was received on the eve
of those events.
FREDERICK G . DUTTON.
Mr. KEATING. Mr. President, nevertheless,
I am assured by the newsmen
concerned, who are known as wellinformed
and responsible observer1>-, that
in its basic essentials their original
charge was true and that such a message
in some form or other was conveyed to
the President prior to the fateful
decision to withdraw full U.S. support
from the invasion.
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 41, Folder 50, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
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