3544 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE March 13,
HoEVEN, and Mr. QuiE were appointed
managers on the part of the House at
March 11, 1961,
IN THE AP-by
be printed in the Ap-llshed
In the New Times or March 11,
1961, relating to boycotts of Japanese goods.
THE GREATEST BENEFIT-PRI-VATE
OR PUBLIC POWER DEVELOPMENT
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, a
guest editorial and an editorial response
which appeared in Mel Ruder's Hungry
Horse News, at Columbia Falls, Mont.,
again highlighted the controversy over
whether a private or a public hydroelectric
power development brings the
greatest benefit to a local economY.
I have always felt that there was room
for both. There are a number of places
where private development is simply not
enough. I believe in maximum development.
Large Federal projects provide
multi-purpose benefits, whereas the outlook
of private enterprise is more limited.
These editorials point out the increased
amount of local taxes provided
by private utilities. This is true, but
there are many benefits which come as
a result of the construction of a project
such as Hungry Horse Dam. The local
authorities do not receive taxes on the
Federal property; but projects of this
sort do attract large industries such as
the Anaconda aluminum plant, which
now accounts for more than 20 percent
of Flathead County's total assessed valuation.
These large Federal projects provide
large volwnes of hydroelectric
power which attract new industries and
development. The private utility projects
are designed to meet customer needs.
The Kerr Dam, the Cabinet Gorge Dam,
and the Noxon Rapids Dam have not
attracted any new industry; in fact,
these projects would not have been feasible
if it had not been for the large
reservoir created by Hung1-y Horse Dam.
The projects owned by the Washington
Water Power Co. at Noxon and at Cabinet
Gorge, in western Montana. con-tribute
very little beyond local taxes.
The vast majority of the power generated
at those plants is exported out of
Montana, not utilized within the State.
The greatest benefit for Montana can
come only from power generated in Montana,
for use in Montana.
The private utilities have sound business
reasons for what they do; but it is
also a recognized fact that Federal
multi-purpose power projects have done
much for the development of the
State, and they can do more under an
enlightened natural-resource program.
Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent
to have printed in the RECORD at the
conslusion of my remarks the two editorials
which appeared in the February
24 issue of the Hungry Horse News.
There being no objection, the editorials
were ordered to be printed in the RECORD,
(From the Hungry Horse News. Feb. 24, 1961]
MORE POWER TO THEM
Thompson Falls a.nd Polson are in a.
squabble about hydroelectric power and we
wish there were more towns in Montana to
join In the fight.
Who has the biggest hydroelectric output
In the State? This Is the question which Is
Irking Thompson Falls because Polson letterhoods
make that claim !or Kerr Darn or the
Montana Power Co.
Thompson Falls says that the Polson claim
is outdated and is an affront because the
Washington Water Power Co.'s Noxon Rapids
Dam Is now the largest.
Both or these dams are owned by private
Industry a.nd they pay taxes not only to the
county governments and the school districts
in which they are located, but they pay income
and corporation taxes to the State and
Federal Government, and a special electrical
license tax on gross Income to the general
fund or the State of Montana.
We wish that Helena and Great Falls and
Columbia. Falls and Ennis, and other places
In Montana could get Into the squabble, !or
each bas hydroelectric power plants.
We might add another facet to the quarrel,
What would happen to the Montana State
general fund and the county and school
treasuries in a number of Montana communities
if they had privately owned. tax
paying, publicly regulated powerplants instead
of the tax-free plants they now have?
Glasgow Is struggling to accommodate its
economy to the upsurge of population connected
with the air base, and most of the
people who came to the country own nothing
and pay no taxes.
How much better of! the county would be
I! it could collect taxes on a privately onwed
powerplant at the F ort Peck Dam, Instead
of depending on Government handouts based
on the Impacted area theory.
Lewis and Clark County might be able to
reduce Its property tax rate If It could collect
on the new Canyon Ferry plant.
The same Is true or Flathead County. home
of Hungry Horse Dam. where there Is considerable
economic dis tress due to depression
In the lumber Industry.
Canyon Ferry, Hungry Horse, and Fort
Peck could add cons iderably to the State's
general fund If they paid corporation license
tax and electric energy prod uctlon tax.
Thompson Falls and Polson are to be congratulated
on their powerplants. We wish
there were more like them.
1 From the Hungry Horse News. Feb. 24, 1961)
JOINING THE BATTLE
The Helena Independent-Record In a re•
cent editorial stated "Thompson Falls and
Polson are In a squabble about hydrcJt~c~r'c
power and we wish there were more towns In
Montana to join In the fight."
The Hungry Horse News Is reprinting the
Helena editorial (above) and joining the
Our first point Is that a federally built
dam, Hungry Horse , has made a larger mark
In resultant Increase of tax base, and yeararound
jobs ! or Montana c itl:
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