1960 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE l(;D39
persons Interested In these nominations
to file with the committee, In wl'iting, on
or before Friday, June 10, 1960, any representations
or objections they may wish
to present concerning the above nominations,
with a further statement whether
It Is their Intention to appear at any
heat·lng which may be scheduled.
ADDRE~SFS. EDITORIALS. ARTICLES.
ETC .. PRINTED IN THE APPENDIX
On request. and by unanimous consent.
addl·esses, editorials. articles, etc., were
ordered to be printed In the Appendix, as
ated May 26. 1960; written by
Hon. E. BEllRY. a Representative In Con-gress
!ron. he State o! South Dllkota.
Statemen entitled "Tl\e Electric Business
Is a Public siness." delivered by Dr. Paul
J. Raver, s rlntenrtent of Seattle City
Light and pre, ent of the American Public
Power Assoc1atl , before the Amertc:m Public
Power Asso tlon com•entlon, held at
Washington, D May 3, 1960, wh.lch wiU
appear hereafter I the Appendix.
By M:-. MO ·
Editorial entitled • Injury to one Is an
Injury to All," pubUs d In the Oregon Labor
Press o! Aprll 1. 1960.
By Mr. STENNIS
Editorial entitled "
mlng Join In Being Prou r Dr. Humphrey."
published In the Clarion- dger o! Jackson,
Miss., on May 27. 1960.
By Mr. JOHNSON o!
Article entitled " 'Subtle
capitol Hill," written by Cab
P\lbllshed In the New York
By Mr. TALMADGE:
Article entitled "Foreign Aid
ll.sbed In the May 16, 1960, Issue ot
By Mr. WILEY:
Article entitled "Heroism Is Onl
Sharon Boero's Vlnues," written b
Rogers and published In the La Crosse
By Mr. KEATING:
Proclamation o! New York St
Month by Governor Rockefeller.
ATTACKS ON PRESIDENT EI~NHOWER
BY SOVIET PREMIER
Mr. JOHNSON of Texas. Mr. President,
early thls morning Soviet Premier
Khrushchev launched a verbal attack
upon OUl' President which reached
new heights of vituperation. It contained
some of the most unusual language
ever employed by the head of one
government against the head or anot.her
governn1ent othe1· than In a time of
Ic is necessary to go back to the days
of Adolph Hitler to find a parallel.
The harsh, b!ttel· language against not
only President Eisenhower. but Chancellor
Adenauer of Germany, can be received
with d!gnity. The wo1·ds are far
too remlnlscent of slogans chalked on a
be.ck alley fence to met it a reply In kind.
But there Is some cause for concern
as to the motives behind such an attack.
This is something which must be analyzed
with the greatest care.
Communist politics, of course, have
always l:een something of a myste1-y to
the free people of the world. We can
never really be certain as to the Internal
struggles that may be going on within
the soviet Union. We can only analyze
and guess-and pay respectful attention
to those whose guesses In the past have
borne the closest resemblance to the
reallty which developed later.
It may be that Premier Khrushchev
Is having Internal troubles. It may well
be that he IS having external troubles
with some of hls allies, particularly one
which grows stronger and more menacing
with each passing day.
And we cannot dismiss entirely the
assumption that the whole thing merely
reuresents a revelation of astonishingly
We do know, however, that it Is the
custom of those skHled in statecraft to
avoid unforgivable words and irretdevable
acts. The essence of statesmanship
in the field of foreign relations is
alwa:vs to leave the door open for further
negotiations and exploration of moves to
ease world tension.
Whatever may have been his motives,
it Is obvious from this morning's tirade
that Premier Khrushchev has no desire
to leave any doors open.
The incident underscores the !act that
this Nation has a. pressing need !or unity.
I am con.tldent the unity Is there and wi.ll
grow even stronger. None of us, Democrats
or Republicans, is going to knuckle
under to arrogance.
In correcting our mistakes, we are goIng
to proceed along the responsible lines
laid down by tbe distinguished chairman
of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
[Mr. F11LBRIGBT). And in facing
the Communists we are going to proceed
along the lines of the solid front whlch
Americans always present in times of
Mr. MORSE. Mr. President, will the
Mr. JOHNSON of Texas. I yield.
Mr. MORSE. I wish to commend the
Senator from Texas, the majority leader.
for the statesmanlike utterance he
has just voiced. I wish to associate myelf
with his statement.
Mr. JOHNSON of Texas. I thank
the Senator for hls statement. When
the best Interests of America are under
question, the S!mator from Oregon can
always be depended upon to stand up
and express courageous judgments.
The committee of which he is such a
distinguished member has conducted Itself
In accordance with the highest traditions
of the Senate.
Mr. MORSE. I thank the Senator.
Mr. fMW?FTTjij}p subsequently said:
Mi . ih enCl w1sh to join the senior
Senator from Oregon in commending the
majority leader, and I also wish to be
associated In the remarks which he has
Name-calling, invective, and Insults
are not going to bring the world any
close1· to a durable peace. This indulgence-
for that is what it is-is not going
to make thJs volcanic planet any safe1·
for the Russian people, the American
people, or any other people. On the contrary,
it is going to Intensify the new
headlong dash to disaster which began
with the U-2 incident and the collapse of
The ability to talk tough to the Russians
is supPOsed to have something to do
with winning elections In this countt-y.
It may be a reasonable assumption, then.
that, conversely, the ab1lity to talk
tough to the Americans has something to
do with staying in power In Russia.
But neither winning elections here nor
staying in power there is going to mean
very much 1f the campaign speeches and
the press conferences take place on a.
hUl of rubble and ashes. And t.hat Is the
prospect which the recent incident and
Mr. Khrushchev's press conferences-particularly
his references to his orders
to General Malinovsky-have unfolded
very starkly for the world.
Mr. Khrushchev may be enjoying these
propaganda field days-! say days rather
than day for he has by no means exhausted
the possibilities which the U-2
opened up for him. He may be providing
very spicy c.>PY for the press. radio.
and TV. But the personal vendetta
which lle is can-yiog on against the President
is not serving the cause of peace.
It is serving the cause of a renewed cold
war which, if it runs its course, can only
end in the confi!ct which no one in his
right senses want-s.
It is unfortunate that Mr. Khrushchev
cannot restrain himself, for his indulgence
in this colorful and inflammatol'y
rhetol'l-:1 has detracted from the proposals
on disarmament which he also
advanced at his press conference.
These appear to be an it...portant development
in this complex and difficult
field. I hope that these proposals wiiJ be
carefully studied as they should have
been studied, In the first place, at the
diplomatic level. If they do contain the
basis for a genuine service to mankind,
if they promise In any way to pull the
world back from the brink of disaster
and lighten the burden of taxation !or
military purposes borne by all peoples.
then they should be considered carefully,
soberly, and honestly, despite recent developments.
Just as the summit meeting
should have taken precedence over
the U-2 incident In Mr. Khrushchev's
perspective. the peace, safety, and stability
of the Nation and the world, which
are now intimatelY linked with disarmament.
must take precedence in our perspective
over his person?-1 vendetta
against the President of the United
June 3, 1960
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 40, Folder 86, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
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