2498 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE February 24,
were unattainable except through hard work.
Hard work did not deter these people, for In
America, as nowhere else In the world, a man
was truly free. The people worked and
suffered but never yielded. Great cities
sprang from the earth, untll In some places
there were forests of bulldlngs Instead of
forests of towering trees. Industries grew,
agriculture fiourlshed, and our country became
what It is today-prosperous and still
Hard work and creative thinking bulJt
our country, but our country was born and
preserved In blood. Americans fought to
gain their Independence. They fought
against common foes. Tbey even fought
brother against brother. Yet In the end the
United States of America remained united.
such Is the history of our Nation, bullt by
the sweat, blood, and Ingenuity of countless
This Is our her tage. I, as an American,
proud of my her ge, will defend it. Where
else can there so much prosperity and
abundance? W e else will you find a Catholic
and a Prot ant running for the Na-tion's
highest o and have each man con-sidered
for his lltles and not for his re-ligion?
Where e w111 you find terri tortes
so eager to bee e a part of the nation?
Where else w111 u find the Government so
close to and so resentative of the people?
My answer Is Nowhere else but In my
homeland-Arne a. To some people Amer-
Ica may be the f s and fertile valleys. To
others bustling les, filled with humanity,
may spell Amer A Negro mother may
hear America In e voice of a Marian An-derson.
A Jew citizen may look with
pride upon the I story of Albert Einstein.
An Italian cltlz may add his lusty voice
to thousands o ther voices cheering a.
America Is a mblnation of an these
things. America presents something Intangible,
yet scm \ng we live by, day In
and day out. It re esents something people
have given and wl give their es for. It
rep resents somethl people tak or gran ted
at time It repres ts democr . Democ-racy,
ou dally way f life, ca rvlve only
!! all o! s are det !ned to ep 1 t all ve.
Theref , I vow defen y country,
not with a and ft . for I quite help-
Jess with t lth ry words, for
they are ot n t In ry way I can-through
my lth my heart.
Every time I opportunity to
voice my dlsagre I try to remem-ber
that I, too, others an equal
opportunity to vel opinions. Every
time I communlcat God In my own
way, I must remem to put In a few
words of thankfulness. Every time I am
given a chance to make my own decision, I
must weight the facts carefully, tor wlth my
privileges come certain responslbllltles. I
wllJ defend democracy, tor democracy II ves
through you and through me.
MONTANA R~ROAD MERGERS
AND SERVICE CURTAILMENT
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President,
today an examiner for the Interstate
Commerce Commission is conducting a
public hearing in Miles City, Mont., the
second of two hearings in my State, concerning
the application filed by the
Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific
Railroad Co. to discontinue passenger
train serv1ce between Minneapolis,
Minn. and Seattle-Tacoma, Wash.
Also on February 17 the Northern
Pacific, Great Northern, the Chicago,
Burlington & Quincy, and the Spokane,
Portland & Seattle Railroad Cos. filed
an application with the Interstate Com-merce
Commission requesting approval
of the proposed merger of these four
Montana is served by three transcontinental
railroads, the Milwaukee Road,
the Northern Pacific, and the Great
Northern. These railroads play a very
important part in the economy of the
Treasure State, and they have provided
the major source of freight and public
transportation. Montana has also been
good to these railroad companies.
Now in two separate actions these
roads want to curtail, abandon, and consolidate
railway service in Montana. If
the abandonment and the consolidation
are approved, it will mean unemployment
in a State which is already confronted
with serious depressed economic
conditions, and it will take away service
from an area which is still fighting to
get an orderly public transportation pattern
to serve its public. These are very
serious matters, and I wish to address
myself to these problems for a few
The field hearings which are now being
conducted by the ICC examiner in Montana
concern the Milwaukee Road's announced
intention to discontinue the
operation of the Olympian Hiawatha
passenger train between Minneapolis,
Minn., and Seattle-Tacoma, Wash.
At the present time the Milwaukee
serves 10 Montana communities.
If these passenger trains are taken out
of service, four of these cities will have
no passenger train service, and it is a
considerable distance to any other line.
The proposed discontinuance will also
affect other branch line service now operated
in the State by the Milwaukee
Road. In most of these communities the
Milwaukee Road is a very large influence
on the local economy. In fact, at least
two of these cities are major points on
the Milwaukee Road. If these trains are
taken off, it will mean unemployment,
disruption of service, and economic distress.
The merger of the Northern Pacific
and Great Northern Railroads in Montana
will have repercussions which are
difficult to predict at this time. Will the
passenger train service be reduced to one
major line instead of two? What will
happen to the rail centers such as Laurel,
Livingston, and Havre which serve these
lines? Another matter that concerns
me greatly is, What will we have if the
ICC apprcwes these applications? We
will have a monopoly over all passenger
train service between Minneapolis and
Seattle-Tacoma. This is difficult to justify,
in my estimation.
My colleague, the able junior Senator
from Montana [Mr. METCALF], shares
my concern over these developments in
the railroad industry.
The railroads of this country have had
some tough sledding on occasion, but in
recent years sincere attempts have been
made to assist them in putting their operations
back on a sound business basis.
However, I do not think there was ever
any intention to let the railroads escape
their responsibilities to the consumer and
the traveling public. In the instance of
the railroads operating in Montana, I
have not noticed that any of them were
on the verge of bankruptcy. The raif-.
roads should quit playing one side
against the other; they should face up to
their problems. Train discontinuances
have become a serious matter in the
delivery of mails in some areas of the
I know I speak for LEE METCALF as
well as myself when I say that because
of its growth Montana and the Northwest
need the services of competitive
transcontinental railroads. We suggest
that the Milwaukee Road, the Great
Northern, and the Northern Pacific fight
to maintain their competitive position in
the transportation field with new imaginative
policies instead of withdrawing
to an easier road to financial prosperity.
A brochure circulated by the Milwaukee
Road suggests that the approval
of its request to discontinue passenger
train service from Minneapolis to the
west coast will permit them to eliminate
a losing operation and enable them to
better serve its patrons and the general
economy. What about their patrons
in Minnesota, the Dakotas, Montana,
Idaho, and Washington?
I have ridden the passenger trains on
each of these transcontinental railroads,
in fact many times. Admittedly, they
are not always filled to capacity, but
it seems that something could be done
to overcome this situation by revising
the present rate structures and improving
service. Certainly no one would say
that passenger trains have become passe.
I, myself, like to ride on trains; they
offer many conveniences and services
that cannot be obtained on any other
means of public transportation. Why
not offer cheaper train fares to operate
the passenger trains at near 100 percent
of capacity rather than the present
usual 20 to 25 percent? The trains run.
Fill them up.
The Interstate Commerce Commission
is the authority in these matters, and
I do not intend to exercise any undue
influence upon them. However, I suggest
that the examiners and the Commissioners
of the ICC not only listen to
the hard, cold facts of a financier's reports
and the smooth arguments of legal
counsels, but that they also give serious
consideration to the man on the street,
the inarticulate small businessman, or
the small chamber of commerce who can
not afford legal representation, the people
who will be hurt by curtailment,
abandonment, and consolidation of railroad
The Northwest is growing. We have
an abundance of resources. The railroads
can be a part of the future, but
not if they retreat. The elin1ination
of Milwaukee passenger trains and the
consolidation of the Great Northern,
Northern Pacific, C.B. & Q .. and S.P.
·& S. will only add to Montana's distress-
a distress figure which now stands
at 14.6 percent of our work force unemployed,
second only to Alaska with
a figure of 18.3 percent. We are not
proud of that percentage, and we do not
want to see it worsen, but that is what
will happen if the railroads have their
Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent
to have printed at this point in the
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 41, Folder 9, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
1961 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE
RECORD newspaper articles, editorials,
and communications relating to this
There being no objection, the articles,
editorials, and communications were ordered
to be printed in the RECORD, as
INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION,
Washington, D.C., December 19, 1960.
Hon. MIKE MANSFIELD,
Hon. LEE METCALF,
House of Representatives,
GENTLEMEN: I have your telegram of De·
cember 12, 1960, expressing your views In
opposition to the proposal of the Chicago.
Milwaukee, St. Paul & Paclflc Railroad Co.
to discontinue effective January 8, 1961,
trains Nos. 15 and 16 operating between
Minneapolis, Minn., and Tacoma, Wash., FInance
Doc. No. 21391. I also have Senator
MANSFIELD'S letter of December 8,
1960, enclosing a copy of a telegram from
Mr. W. R. Lintz, of Deer Lodge, Mont., who
also expresses his views In opposition to the
Numerous protests to the proposal of the
railroad have been received and consideration
Is now being given by the Commission
as 'to whether lt should Institute an Investigation
of the proposed discontinuance. In
the event the Commission decides to Institute
an Investigation of the proposal of
the railroad, an order to that effect will be
Issued on or about December 28, 1960.
Your request that the Conimlsslon Issue an
order Instituting an Investigation of the proposal
of the railroad Is noted, and you may
be assured that careful consideration will
be given thereto, as well as to the contentions
of all parties before a decision in the
matter Is reached.
I have arranged for you and your correspondent
to receive copies of all notices, reports,
and orders that may be Issued In the
JOHN H. WIN'ltl&LL,
DECEMBER 12, 1960.
JOHN H. WINCHELL,
Chairman, Interstate Commerce Commission,
On December 6, 1960, the Milwaukee road
filed a statement with the Interstate and
Foreign Commerce Commission giving notice
ot Its Intention to discontinue transcontinental
passenger-train service between Minneapolis,
Minn., and Seattle-Tacoma, Wash.
This action wlll terminate the operation o!
the Olympian Hiawatha trains 15 and 16 ln
the State of Montana.
The Milwaukee road has a long career in
Montana and lt continues to bear an Important
economic Influence on a number or communities
In the State. The discontinuance
of this passenger-train service will have a
very serious affect on service and employment
ln 10 Montana cities. While the Milwaukee
road may have compelling reasons
!or taking this action the welfare o! many
of our constituents will be adversely affected.
We, therefore, request that the Interstate
Commerce Commission Issue an order or Investigation
In this case, under existing authority,
requiring that service on this portion
of the Milwaukee road be continued tor
an additional 4 months so that this matter
can be thoroughly studied. We are deeply
interested In thla matter and under separate
cpver we are sending you a sampling o! constituent
Member of Congress.
FEBRUARY 17, 1961.
Chairman, Interstate Commerce Commisison,
The application 1lled !or approval of the
merger of the Great Northern, the Northern
Pacific, the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy,
and the Spokane, Portland & Seattle Rallroad
Cos. Is potentially one of the most farreaching
proposals to affect the State of
Montana and the Northwest In many years.
The Northern Paclflc and the Great Northern
have long competitive histories ln the
development and service to the Nation's
fourth largest State. The approval of this
consolidation would place rail transportation
In the hands or a virtual monopoly In
view of the Milwaukee road's announced Intention
to curtail and discontinue service between
Minneapolis, Minn., and Seattle-Tacoma,
This merger raises many serious questions
which must be answered to the satisfaction
of the people of Montana. What changes ln
employment and service will there be In our
State? Haw many railroad employees will
be displaced? What Montana communities
will lose passenger and freight service?
What Improvements may be anticipated?
While the omctals of the railroad companies
Involved may have compelling financial
reasons for seeking the approval of this
merger we are opposed to any plan which will
bring about a major displacement of railroad
personnel, curtailment of passenger and
freight service, and resulting effects on local
economies ln a State already hard hit by
chronic depressed conditions. Please keep
us advised or all developments In this matter.
WASHINGTON, D.C., February 21, 1961.
C. F. REARDON,
Great Falls, Mont.:
We have requested Interstate Commerce
Commission, examiner for Interstate Commerce
Commission, to permit you to represent
us at public hearing, Elk's Building at
Miles City, Friday, February 24, 9:30 a.m.
Please read the following statement:
"Because of prior commitments and congressional
business of Importance to the State o!
Montana and the Nation, It Is Impossible for
us to come to Miles City to appear at this
Important public hearlng. We do, however,
wish to make It known and reiterate our
statement presented to the Butte hearing
that because of potentially serious economic
repercussions, Increased unemployment and
loss of passenger train service to certain
areas of Montana, we must express our op-position
to the proposed discontinuance by
the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Paclflc
Railroad Co. of passenger trains Nos.
15 and 16 operating between Minneapolis,
Minn., and Tacoma, Wash. The Milwaukee
Road has a long history In the
State of Montana. It has provided transcontinental
train service, employment for
hundreds of people and In certain areas lt Is
a major contributing factor to the economic
stablllty of cities and towns. In some areas
of central Montana It is the only means of
public transportation. Major areas of the
State of Montana are now plagued with depressed
economic conditions and the approval
of this plan to discontinue Milwaukee
Road passenger train service In our State
would only Increase and extend these conditions.
We ask that very serious consideration
be given to all the testimony received
In Miles City today." We also extend our
greetings to our many friends In eastern
Montana and please assure them of our deep
interest and concern In this matter.
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 41, Folder 9, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
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