(Not printed at Government expense)
PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 82d CONGRESS, SECOND SESSION
HON. MIKE MANSFIELD
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Tuesday, March 4, 1952
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. Chairman. I
offer an amendment to the amendment
· The Clerk read as follows:
Amendment offered by Mr. MANSFIELD to
the Vinson amendment as amended: Page
1, line 5, Insert "Tbls act shall be effective
on the same day that a tax blll becomes
effective which wm tax all corpora tlons 100
percent o! all profits and ea~lngs or such
corporation engaged In the manufacture of
Mr. VINSON. Mr. Chairman, I reserve
a point of order against the amendment
on the ground that it is not
The CHAIRMAN. Does the gentleman
reserve the point of order or make it
Mr. VINSON. I reserve it.
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. Chairman, I
would just as soon have the matter settled
now because I think we are considering
a very important issue today, so
important that it is causing a great deal
of consideration, I am quite sure. in the
minds of a good many of the Members
We are now considering a measure to
permanently conscript young men into
the armed services of the United States.
If this bill becomes law, then I believe
we should conscript excess profits as well.
If the emergency confronting us demands
that we enact UMT, we should
go all the way and make equality of sacrifice
a fact and not a fiction. Nothing is
more important than a man's life. and
I feel very strongly that we have just as
much right to conscript dollars as well
As one who has served as an enlisted
man in the Army, Navy, and marines, I
have a pretty good idea of just what
these boys will be up against. I have
been disturbed by the fact that in all
our wars and emergencies, we have consistently
refused to take the profit out
of war. We have seen this country
spend the blood of its best young men,
and at the same time we have noted how
our great corporations made tremendous
profits out of every war in which we
have been engaged. The cost of World
War II was $336,000,000,000 plus a million
casualties in killed, wounded, and
missing. At the same time these enormous
sacrifices were being made the corporations
of this country made the huge
profit of $56,000,000,000. That profittaking
spree has been accelerated and
continued down to the present.
No democracy has a right to conscript
men on a permanent basis for an immediate
danger which is not great enough
to justify and compel conscripting dollars
at the same time. Corporations
should be satisfied with normal, peacetime
profits in time of war or national
emergency. No one should complain
about their dollars being conscripted if
this measure to conscript our young men
passes. What we do in this House on
the measure now before us may well decide
our future for generations to come.
Mr. Chairman, as the House knows, I
have offered my excess-profits amendment
on three previous occasions, and
each time it has been ruled out of order.
I will indeed be sorry if the House is not
able to vote on it today. There are other
drawbacks to this bill in addition to its
lack of equality of sacrifice, and, as I
see them. they can be summed up as
First. Both UMT and selective service
would operate at the same time.
Enactment of UMT would not mean the
termination of selective service which,
under law, is in effect until 1955. Furthermore,
every man in selective service
must serve 6 years in the Reserve after
his 2 years of active duty are completed.
This means that a Reserve has been
provided for 9 years from 1952. UMT
will, therefore, not be a substitute for
but a supplement to selective service.
The cost and the manpower ceiling
would, therefore, be raised considerably.
Second. The deferment problem: how
to pick some boys for 6 months' training
under UMT and others for 2 years
under selective service.
Mr. Chairman. I have listened to all
the debate on UMT with an open mind
and have studied every available bit
of material I could find on this matter.
On the basis of what I have been able to
learn about UMT in that it does not
call for equality of sacrifice and that
both UMT and selective service would
be in operation at the same time I have
come to the conclusion that I will vote
against the measure as it now stands.
Mr. VINSON. Mr. Chairman, I insist
on the point of order that the amendment
is not germane and has no relation
to universal military training or to the
bill under consideration.
The CHAIRMAN (Mr. COOPER). The
Chair is prepared to rule.
The gentleman from Montana has offered
an amendment which has been reported.
The gentleman from Georgia
makes a point of order against the
amendment on the ground it is not germane
to the pending amendment or the
The Chair has examined the amendment
with some degree of care and invites
attention to the fact that it provides:
This act shall be effective on the same day
that a tax blll becomes effective, which wlll
tax all corporations 100 percent of all profits
and earnings or such corporations engaged
In the manufacture or war materials or any
other service connected with the defense
effort and/or the National Security Training
Corps Act of 1952.
The Chair invites attention to the fact
that this amendment provides for the effective
date of the pending bill to be contingent
upon an entirely unrelated subject,
a subject which would not be under
the jurisdiction of the committee that
reported the pending bill, but would be
under the jurisdiction of another standing
committee of the House.
The Chair is of the opinion that the
amendment is clearly not germane to
the pending amendment or the bill and,
therefore, sustains the point of order.
f , t, IOVIUMINT PAI.TIU Orrltto UU
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 36, Folder 73, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
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