llshment or religion, or prohibiting the
rree exercise thereof; or abridging tho freedom
of. speech, or of the press; or the right
ot the people peaceably to "-"'lle, and to
petition the Government for a r!"drees of
What I have seen of this moratorium
so far has, in my opinion, been within
the best limits of the Constitution. I applaud
the order, the dignity, and the
decorum being shown by the marchers,
both young and old, of all c.olors and all
creeds. I applaud the poliee fOO' their attentiveness
to their duties and their understanding
of how demonstrations
should be handled. I applaud. the marshals
whom the demonstrators themselves
have brought with them and who
are responsible for seeing tha.t the law
is observed and that the demonstration
is kept orderly.
I do not want to see a confrontation
1n this Capital or 1n any other place in
this Nation. I do not want to see our people
divided any further than they are. I
want to see attempts made to keep our
voices low, t.o bring us together, to bring
among us a degree of unity. I want to
see attempts in these directions rather
th~ those--ba.sed on emotion, primarily-
that seek the divisiveness which
is well on the way to tearing this country
apart at this time.
These people are our fellow citizens.
They are our children, our neighbors
and our friends; and as I have indicated:
what they are doing comes w!thtn the
provisions of the Constitution.
My only sorrow is that many of these
people-those who are so young--do not
have the right to vote at the age of 18
and in that way help to create a policy
in which they coUld be po.rticipants. But
now they do not help to make policy.
They can only protest. When their turn
comes and they are called to serve their
country, they do so, by and large but
they are carrying out a policy over V.:hich
they have no control at all.
,What I say about demonstrators apphes
to those who feel exactly opposite
to them, becauae there ia never one side
to any question. There are always two
sides, and sometimes more. Those who
are antidemonstrat!on, those who want
to conduct rallies and marches in opposition
to what the mobilization seeks to
undertake, have just as much light to
do s.o under the Constitution of the
~nited States, and they are protected
JUSt as much by the first amendment
to the Constitution.
. I am making these remarks thl.s mornmg,
first, because I was tremendously
impressed, in the darknese of this m.orning,
to see what was happening and how
well it was being done; and, second, e.s
the leader of the majority party 1n the
U.S. Senate, I feel it lneumbent upon me
to make these remarks to urge that
respect, tolerance, and understanding be
shown on all sides, 80 tha.t these demonstmtlons,
pro or con. .these demonstrations
which our citizens are entitled to
make, will be considered in the right light
and will not lead to confrontation.
I believe implicitly 1n bhe t1rst amendment
to the 0oll81;ltution. When I was
elected to this o1Hce I held up my hand
and I swore to defend and uphold the
Constitution without any mental reservation
or a.ny other reservation whatever.
and when I took that oath and said "1
do," I meant it. Moreover, my responsibility
is not only to represent the peop!P
of Montana as a Senator from the State,
but to represent the people of the United
States P.s a Senator of the United States.
SO I would hope that the tone which
has been set by these people of all ages,
all colors, and all creeds would be the
mark of determination for the rest of
this moratorium, not only here, but
throughout the country; and I would
hope that there would be no -violence, no
license, no assaults on property, and no
assaults on people-from any sourcebecause
I do not believe in tactics of that
sort; nor arc they guaranteed under the
Constitution. They are illegal, they are
outside the law, and anyone who conducts
himself in a manner which violates
the law should be made liable to the law.
l would hope that 1f by any chance a
demonstrator or a few demonstrators try
to create situations which endanger the
dignity, decorum, and order of what has
occurred up to this date, those who do
try to break the law would be separated
and placed apart, and the thoughts and
prayers and hopes which are in the
minds and hearts of these people who
are conducting themselves so well so far
would be kept uppermost in our thinking
I do not know whether most of these
people are the silent minority or the
silent majority; that is immaterial; they
are all Americans.
Because of these factors, not too well
expressed, I had hoped that the leadership
on both sides would make its feelings
!elt and that it might help maintain the
orderliness which so far ha3 marked the
demonstrations, and perhaps help prevent
any disorderliness which might be
attributable to a few but, may well be
placed on the shoulders of the many.
Mr. SCO'IT. Mr. President I sometimes
wonder how we are goi~g to keep
the two-party system going when the
distinguished majority leader continues
to say things with which I am so heartily
m , agreement. This is another instance
of the patriotism and the sincerity and
the very genuine concern for the rights
of the individual as well as the rights of
society which the dl&tinguiahed majority
leader has expressed.
"Congress shall make no Jaw." The
Founding Fathers could not have been
any plaJner than that. They must have
had some foresight, from the way we behave
around here sometime. They thundered
it: "Congress shall ma:ke no law"
and, by God, they meant it when they
added the Bill of Rights and that sacred
first amendment. We cannot and we
shou].d not. The effort of the generations
to understand each other is unending.
Mr. President, yesterday I spoke at the
National Press Club and I ask unanimous
consent that the remarks which I made
at that time be printed at the conclusion
of my statement.
The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tempore.
Without objection, it is so ordered.
Click tabs to swap between content that is broken into logical sections.
Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana. For additional information about our collections visit our website: http://www.lib.umt.edu/asc . To suggest a keyword or share what you know about this item e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Images captured using a Atiz BookDrive Pro with dual Canon EOS Rebel T1i�s at 400 PPI. Dual camera control through BookDrive Capture 5.1. Camera RAW (.CR2) files processed to an Image PDF at 300 PPI using Adobe Bridge CS5. PDF files Downsampled to a web-ready PDF and Optical Character Recognition performed using Adobe Acrobat Pro.
Copyright to this collection is held by the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula. This image may also be protected by copyright. Permission may be required for use. For further information please contact Archives and Special Collections.