CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE 87883
U.S. FOREST SERVICE REGIONAL
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, during
the recess of the U.S. Congress, the
Secretary of Agriculture announced that
the U.S. Forest Service would adjust Its
regional organization to fit with the
standard Federal regional structure. I
wish to take this opportunity to let my
colleagues here In the Senate know that
I am unalterably opposed to this plan.
The present structure Is adequate and
conforms to the major areas of U.S.
forestry activity In the United States. As
we all know, Forest Service activity is
concentrated In several different areas of
the continental United States and Is not
uniform throughout. Therefore, I think
it is ridiculous that it be required to conform
with the standard Federal regional
structure. Timber is a renewable resource
and requires on the ground management.
Region I is one of the most active for est
areas in the Nation and to move a
regional office at a time when there is a
greater demand for increased timber
sales and management activities is difficult
to understand. The rationale behind
this plan obviously does not include efficiency
and effectiveness because of such
large distances involved. The Federal officials
who devised this plan appanmtly
have never been outside of New York City
or Washington, D.C., and are not aware
of the vast distances in the West. If you
will look at the map, you will find that
Missoula, Mont., presently the headquarters
for region I, Is approximately 800 to
900 miles from Denver. The proposed re gional
setup announced by Secretary
Butz places 10 States within region C and
the two large forest areas at opposite
ends. I do not see how any efficient administrative
plan can handle such a situation.
Transportation services between
Missoula and Denver and Portland,
Oreg., headquarters of region A, are very
bad and there is no direct air service.
What is to happen at the research facilities
at Missoula-the smokejumpers
school, the Forest Service Fire Research
Laboratory, and associated fac!l!ties that
are operating at Montana's two universities
in Bozeman and Missoula.
Adding these additional Forest ServIce
activities to the regional complex in
Denver only compounds what is a serious
and growing problem for this midcontinent
city. This seems to be contrary
to everything the administration
is attempting to do in returning the governmental
process to the local level. This
action and others merely creates a larger
bureaucratic monster in Denver.
Missoula, Mont., is a beautiful cit~
with a moderate cllmate and home ol
one of Montana's two universltie~.
There is absolutely no reason why personnel
would not wish to maintai11
their present residencies in this community.
Mr. President, rumors have come to
my attention that the Montana congressional
delegation has agreed to this
move of the regional headquarters because
of a compromise reached between
the delegation and the administration.
Supposedly, Malmstrom Air Force Booe,
one of the most important Strategic Air
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 48, Folder 75, Mansfield Libary, University of Montana
s 7881 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD -SENATE April 80, 1973
Command bases in the continental
United States is to be preserved and
maintained If we agreed to the closing
of the Forest Service Regional Office
in Missoula. I wish to state here and
now that I in no way participated in
any such discussion in conjunction with
the administration's plan to reduce Federal
activity. Both the regional headquarters
of the U.S. Forest Service and
its associated activities in Missoula and
the Strategic Air Command Base at
Malmstrom are necessary and vital
parts of our Federal activity.
I am also greatly concerned about reports
that the Secretary of Agriculture
has placed a muzzle on Forest Service
personnel who disagree with this plan.
The Forest Service has traditionally
been one of the most active and semiindependent
agencies in our Federal system.
They have done an excellent job
and, only in recent years, have they become
bw-dened with excessive Office of
Management and Budget controls which
are limiting and curtailing their management
of our forests. There are a great
many demands for new timber sales and
improved management of our national
forests. This can only f>e done with adequate
management at the ground level.
This means maintaining regional headquarters
as they are now structured.
Also, I believe that the Forest Service
should be granted additional funds for
the proper management of their agency.
At the present, the administration has
impounded funds and further hampered
this necessary work.
I wish to place myself on record-and
I know I speak for my distinguished colleague
the Senator from Montana CMr.
METCALF) and our two colleagues in the
House, Representatives MELCHER and
SHOUP-that we shall not stand by and
watch this consolidation take place.
Mr. President, I ask un.anlmou.s consent
to have printed at this paint in my
remarks, the joint statement released by
my colleague, Senator LEE METCALF, at
the time of the announcement, and also
the news release issued by the U.S. Department
of Agriculture announcing
that there would be a reduction-a
phasing ou~f the regional offices at
Missoula, Mont., Albuquerque, N. Mex.,
and Ogden, Utah ,and the experiment
station headquarters at Ogden, Utah,
and Asheville, N.C.
There being no objection, the statement
and release were ordered to be
printed in the REcoao, as follows:
STATEMENT BY SENATORS MANSFIELD AND
Senators Mansfield and Metcalf said the
announcement by the Nixon Adm.lnlstmt!on
that the Regional Forest Service Offioe at
Missoula will be transferred to Denver "Is
"another example o! this Admlnlstra.t!on's
distorted view o! our natural resource priorities."
"This Is not an economy move, but mther
a stupid, shortslgh ted, Ill-ad vised decision
which wUI hinder the proper mana.gement o!
forest resources which arc ba.slc to the eoonomy
or Montana a.nd the nation," the Monta.
na Sena.tors said In a statement !rom Ulelr
"President Nixon's budget ax has now !allen
on a.n effective !acUity !or the management
or important timber resources."
"The personnel most !amlllar with forest
management problems and programs and
who have first-hand knowledge and experience
will now be required to make decisions
in a.n urba.n a.roo !ar !rom the forest resouroe
they must manage." ·
"The tmns!er or management !rom Ule
Immediate vicinity or programs and from the
center o! the resource will only resUlt In misunderstanding
and add! tiona! bureaucratic
Another Important !actor, according to the
Monta.na Senators, Is that the citizens Uvlng
In the Fore9t Service area will not be a.ble to
present thelr views effectively to the officials
who wUI make the decisions.
"Instead, Uley wUl have to trr.vel some 800
miles to Denver to present their views, which
In our opinion Is not In line wiU1 the Nixon
Administration's policy directive that the
government shoUld be close to the people,"
the Senators sald.
"Pl evlous Adm.lnlstratlons have considered
the Forest Service !acUities at MissoUla. as an
outstanding eumple of how a Federal agency
can work with Ule local citizens In the effort
to establish sound management policies and
"But this Administration doesn't want
citizen partlclpa.tlon in the declslon-ma.klug
process on managing the resources o! our
"The Regional Office In Missoula., along
with the fire control center, the forestry research
center and the School o! Forestry,
University o! Montana, are Important groups
attempting to solve many o! the problems o!
"This effective team must not be dismantled,"
the Senators said. "Instead, It would be
economically aound to continue the various
!orest service and university !a.cUltles In the
same community, and near the center o! the
resource that they must protect and manage
!or our benefit and !or future generations."
"We w111 fight this move. We will not stand
by and approve a cloeure decision made by a
so-called management expert Who doesn't
know the dltrerence between chip wood and
(News !rom U.S. Department o! AgricUlture)
F OREST SERVICE TO ADJUST REGIONAL
WASHINGTON, AprU 24.-The Forest Servloe,
U.S. Department o! AgricUlture, wUI adJust
Its regional organization to fit within
the standard federal regional structure, Secretary
of Agriculture Earl L. Butz announced
Secretary Butz said the change In organization
will require phasing out o! regional
offices at Missoula, Mont.: Albuquerque,
N.M.; and Ogden, Utah; and experiment station
headquarters at Ogden, Utah, and Asheville,
N.C. Although these five headquarters
offices will be discontinued, other Forest
Service offices presently at these locations
will remain In operation.
Some 1,000 employees wUl be affected by
pha.slng out or the five offices. Every effort
wUI be made to provide employment opportunities
!or these people elsewhere 1n the
Forest Service organization. Secretary Butz
said. The schedule !or making the organizational
adJustments will be developed by the.
Forest Service, he reported.
Secretary Butz said these actions wUI enable
the Forest Service to improve Its efficiency
and effectiveness In carrying out Its
resource management, research and state and
private forestry programs. One result, he
said, woUld be to make more !unds and manpower
available !or on-the-ground activities
In the 155 national forests which contain 187
In addition, he said, greater efforts can be
diverted directly to research by reduction o!
the two experiment station headquarters,
and the Forest Service's ability to work with
state and local governments will be Improved
through closer coordination with the federal
The present Forest Service organization Includes
nine national !orest system regional
offices, eight experiment station headquarters
offices and two state and private area. offices.
With the change, the system wUI be reJlllgned
In to slx regions, six expert men t stations
and two state and private forestry
Full regional office status will continue at
Atlanta, Ga.; Milwaukee, Wis.; Denver, Colo.;
San Francisco, Call!.; Portland, Ore.: and
Juneau, Ala.ska.. Experiment station headquarters
wUI be continued at Upper Darby,
Pa.; St. Paul, Minn.; New Orleans, La.; Ft.
Collins, Colo.; Berkeley, Call!.; and Portland,
Ore. The Forest Products Labora.tor:~< a.t MadIson,
Wis., and the Institute o! Tropical
Forestry In Puerto Rico wUI be maintained.
The state and private area offices wUI remain
at Upper Darby and Atlanta..
Secretary Butz said most other regional
structures In the federal government now
con!orm to the standard !edera.l region concept,
as a. result o! the government-wide e!!
ort directed by the Office o! Management and
Budget. He sald the etrort ls geared to slmpli!
y and improve the ability of the federal
government to provide service through conformance
to the standard region concept.
Another factor considered 1n the decision,
he said, Is tqe review being made by all federal
agencies to determine where expenditures
can be reduced. In addition to regional
changes, he said, the Fnrest Service's review
wUI lead to national !orest and ranger dlstrtct
headquarters consolidations, as well as
changes 1n the agency's headquarters omce
In Washington, D.C.
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 48, Folder 75, Mansfield Libary, University of Montana
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