Mr. 1\fANSFIF.LD. Mr. President. as we
in the Senate have come Lo realize, the
issue of our environment has become one
of the most prominent and difficult issues
we have before us today, 'l'he concern
expressed has been generated by
the sincere desire t.o preserve t.he .natural
state of om land and protect against
nbnorma l pollul.ion of our air and WRter.
Much of the cunent discussion revolves
around some rather large issues.
Occasionally, this concem is directed at
what may seem to be a less complex and
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE.
t· Just s~veral weeks ago a munber of"'
people in Montantt became quite anxious
about the future of an historic landmark
on the Lewis and Clark Trail. Beaverhead
Rock, also known as the Point
of Rocks, has considerable sig·nificance
in the history of the Lewis anrl Clark expedition.
Historians and resident,~ of
western Montana have known that this
rock was in this location, but little effort
was made to give it the historic status
' that it deserves. The rock is on private
property. Only when development of a
rock quarry threatened the landmark
did a movement begin to protect Beaverhead
Rock. Since t.he landmark was located
on private property, an appropriate
exchan,ge or purchase must be negotiated.
The Montana Historical Societ,y and
other indivicllwls and historical groups
arc attempting to develop plans .for prcserval;
ion of this site. I have been in contact
\dth .F'ederal agencies regarding· land
exchanges and development by the National
Park Service. 1\lso, 1 have been in
contact with the owner, Norman Ashcraft,
of Twin Bridges, who indicates a·
real understanding, a deep concern, and
a willingness to cooperate.
Beaverhead Rock in the Madison country,
has been entered into the National
Register of Historic Places by the National
Park Service. It is my hope that
this agency will be able Lo offer some
constructive assistance in prot.ecting t.his
JHr. President., I ask unanimous consent
to have a series of articles and correspondence
printed at the conclusion
of my remarks. These documents give
historic background information and the
present status of this efio1t.
1'hel·e being no objection, the material
was ordered to be printed in the RF.cono,
HISTORIC POINT THREATENED BY BLASTING FOR
(By Warren N. Reichman)
Another one of Madison com>t.y's historical
l"ndmarks is being threatened w!Lh obtlvlon,
It was learned at The Mactlsonhm office this
The stoney faee of Beaverhead Rock, be
·tween Twin Bridges and Dillon, Is being
bla.sted and the rock used for rip-rapping of
the ri. ver and canals ln the nren.. 1
The part tha.t Beaverhead Rock has plo.yed
in Montann history Js known to every school
ohild that has had the good fortune t.o read
any Montana hlst.ory. (Some school kids tell
me Montnnn history ls no lollger tnught in
Sacajewca, the Indlan wonuu1 who gnided
the Lewis and Clark Expedition from the
mouth of the Missouri River to the Rockies,
kept looking for tilts n.ock, which from a
dtstrmce Rppc,us to be the hend of a swimming
lJe,wer, during the entlrc trlp. AlthOU[~h
she ha.d been kidnnppecl from her tribe when
but a child, she dlstlnct.ly remembered the
Bca1•erhcad Rock and knew tha.t when she
found lt, she would be hnck horne agnln.
Lewis and Clo.rk's Expcclltion Journals describe
the promontory In detnll and when
they arrived here, they W<'re RlJle to contact
Sn.ea.jewcn 's tribe. ·the Shoeshoncs, H.nd secure
h.orHcs wJ.t.h which to croRs the CmJttneul.u.l
Capt. Lewis carvet the river
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 45, Folder 67, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
February 20, 1970 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE s 21 2!1
The Point o! Rocks Stage Station wa• est.
n hJl~hrd ncor the rock and road agents and
vtc:llontes allke cnmpecl In Its shadow during
the turbulent doss of Henry Plmrtmer. A
number of old-ttniers still 1\vlng tn this area
rC'n1~n1hrr when r;tagccoaches pulled up there
for 1\ r('~t nnd n change of horses.
AJt hO\tgh the rock is huge nnd ~hnushnd!i
"' to11s of rlp-rnpptng Ct>llld be t.akrn from
t1 ~oonrr or Inf Pr tts fnn1ous swlrnmlnglw:
ln'r f\llt.llnr wtll l'rgln to tnke on olhcr
t~l, ·, ru·t('rt:t.lcs. should thts d<'Rcr:raUon be
ull.n,.·NI t.o continue.
L\L prrsrnt Br£\vcrllcnd Rol~)t and sutTotuutlnJ~
lands are tn prlnltc ownerRhlp. "'Jr. nnd
l\lr:c:~. Norn1nn A!jhcraft. local ranchers, own it
r:tt~d to (::et thl' historic monument In pubHe
hnnonlcrl'd on one ::;ldP. by the ncn\'crhrnrt
River, The Ashcrnfls hnve snld they would
ROll 11\1' pnrt Of lhclr pnsture for PIIOUgh
to lmy n rompnr:tblc piece of lnad.
0.FFJCF. OF THE MAJORITY LEAnER,
Wasltingt.on, D.C., Februm·y 12, 1970.
Mr. NORMAN ASHCOAFT.
Soutlw·est of T>cin Bridges, Mont.
DEAR MH.. !AsHcRAF'T: A nurnher of concerned
Mont.nnnns h::we h<'Cll in cont.nrt wHh
n1e rcgnrrtJng t.he prP.sPrvntton of Bcnverllcnct
Itoclf. a LnndmfU'k on the l.ewts and
Thc:Jc ~1ontnnnns nrc coJu~crncrt ht'rnu~t'
or rock quarry ndlvlty which jcnpunllzed
the landmark. I nm 1\wnre thn t the site Is ou
private property owned by you nnd that you
bnve complete control over Its destiny, In
view of the sincere lutcrest lh pre•cn·Jng
the historic site, I have contacted several
Federnl ngenci<'S here In Washington and In
Montanl\ to see whnt might be done to preserve
the Beaverhead Rock for historic purposes.
Persounlly, 1 wonlpernte tn protccllng Dc»verhead
Rock until such lime as n plnn c»n be developed
to acquire tho propcrt.y from you
tor S11Ch purposes. Any such plnn wouJd, of
course, c:Jve your property rights every consideration.
In the Interests of prrservntton
o! Montano's too few historic monuments on
the ·Lewis and Clnrk Trnll, I hope thnt you
With best persounl wishes, I nm
SC'\'t"'rnl pcrRons n.nd ngcnclcs nrc nlrrndy
worln the project., but seem to be get- , FEnnuAnY 10, 1070.
t tng nowhere. Hans Lnrsrn of Dillon, chief Hou . :h1ucr. MANSFtEl.o,
or the Dl\·lf;:lon of Resource Mn.nogPnlent of U.S. Sen.ai~,
the DurPnn of Land ~rnnn g<' nlcnt, says Wa.<:hington, D .C.
thnt tile nurcnu would trade other Inn'tEto: This letter Is In
II, ln>t right n ow, no compnrnble piece of reply to your letter nllCI teicr:rnm of Februnry
lnntl Is o.\':tllnblr In this area •md It would 12, 1970, concerning "Benverhon.d Rock" (nlso
prr>b:tbly Lnkc two or three years to work out known Rs "The Point of Rr>cks") which I
n ~n.Ur:factory traclo. own.
11H• Stn.t~ pt!ih ond Gatnc comn1tssion hA.R I would first Hke to assure you t..hn.t no
rcporkctlly loolced at Jt anct kcd me, more thnn a
E. ll!ncGllvrn o! Butte onct Hal Steams of month ago, to have the blasting censed. At
Hnrlowton, all members of the lllontnnn tho.t time ll1r. Harms n.sur<'cl me the B.L.M.
Commltt•e of the Lewis nnct Clnrlt Trn!l As- or some of the other Government. ngenclcs
socl,l!on, nrc working on the problem but would try to trndc me other Inrvl-of cq11nl
hn\'o not romt"' up with any solution rnnching vnluc-for Beavcrhf'ad Rock.
1 hall leased the property on which Bo:wer-
Wc suggeot that pressure should be hen.ls rock (sometimes without
If this cAnnot be clone. then let's st~
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