S. 3334-INTRODUaTION OF Bll.,L INCREASING
THE DAILY HIRE RATES
FOR THE USE OF CERTAIN
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, In
Lhc pasL 10 years the Montana congressional
delegation has been plagued with
an annual problem for whlch no reasonable
solution has been developed. I refer
to the continual and, in some instances,
increa.~ing shortage of boxcars on the
V.'estctn railroad lines.
This is a very serious matter to States
like ::1-Iontana where so many farmers
and elevator operators are dependent
upon an adequate source of boxC11.rs to
ship their wheat to the expo1t market on
the west coe~t.
Today Montana ranchers are buying
large, expensive trucks tx> transport grain
to water outlets on the Columbia River
for transport to the coast. This situation
has been compounded by our expanded
export of grain. Despite the annual discussion
on how best to facilitate a return
of boxcars to owner lines, very little effective
action has been taken by the Interstate
Commerce Commission or the
This year the car shortage on the
Great Northern Railroad line has
reached ridiculous proportions. Recently,
there was a Montana request for
3,500 cars and they were receiving something
on the order of 10 or 15 per day.
Fortunately, this year the situation has
not been as bad on the Northern Pacific
line, which also crosses the State of
Montana. This docs not mean, however,
that it will not happen in the future. To
date, there has been no effective means
of convincing the eastern railroad lines
that they should return the cars to the
owners as expeditiously as possible.
To date, the ICC has been hesitant to
issue stmng orders establishing incentive
charges and Increased penalties.
I have joined with a number of my colleagues
here in the Senate in cosponsoring
S. 3223 to give the ICC additional
authority to handle the situation. The
proposed bill would authorize an increase
in the incentive per diem and penalties.
The congressional interest in this pmposal
seems to have generated little activity
at the agency level.
I believe that we must impress upon
the railroads and the Commission the
seriousness of this situation. I w111, therefore,
send to the desk a bill whlch would
set per diem rates at $100 minlmum and
an increase of penalty charges from
$1,000 and up to $10,000. These provisions
seems to be severe, and they are
meant to be so. The boxcar shortage
should not be allowed to disrupt the industry
each year, as has been the case
as far as Montana is concerned, over the
past two decades. Recently, it has been
so on an almost continual basis. Hopefully,
this latest proposal w111 give notice
to all parties that the boxcar shortage
in the West will not be permitted any
longer. There are solutions and Congress
and the Interstate Commerce Commission
must act to provide the necessary
Mr. President, I send to the desk e. bill
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD - SENATE
to amend the Interstate Commerce Act
A> increase daily hire rates for use of
~ertain freight cars, and for other purposes,
and I ask that the bill be referred
to the Committee on Commerce.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill
will be received and referred to the Committee
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