83978 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE April 10, 1968
that they cert81nly will not be solved without
the sub6tant1al upward salary adjustments
recommended ln thls blll.
The crlme rate ln the Nation's Capital Is
a national disgrace. The safety of tile nearly
800,000 residents of the Dlstrtct and the
mllllons of our citizens who vlslt tile Capltll
each year demands that the Metropo!ltan
Pollee force and the Fire Department
bo brought up to and maintained at full
strength as promptly as possible. To do this,
the District must occupy a favorable competitive
position sala.rywlse vis-a-vls the suburban
jur!sdlctlons of the Washington
metropolltan area and other major cities of
the Nation. Title I of the bUl wlll provide
thls sorely needed advantage.
In previous reports this comm.lttee has
voiced lts support !or programs that wlll attack
the roots of crlnle ln the District of
Columbia. In your committee's judgment,
title II o! the H.R. 15131 represents a major
stride toward that goal. A great effort ls underway
to renew rejuvenate, and enhance
the quallty of publlc education ln Washington.
There 1s much talk of making tile education
of chlldren ln the Nation's Capital a
model !or the rest of the Nation. Thls
not and wlll not come to pass unless
massive turnover rate of teachers 1
Dlstrlct's school system 1s stopped.
trlct o! Columbia can no longer
be a training ground for nelghb
ban school dlstrtcts. Washln
placed ln a position not on
experienced educational sta
a new breed of teachers w o e wllllng and
able to teach effectively amidst the difficult
condl t!ons or a restless and growl ng cl ty.
In your commlttee's judgment, It Is absolutely
certain tilat tills wlll not be done
unless the Dlstrtct ls able to compete for
staff with a superior salary scale. Tbe lesson
or the past 1s a clear one. It may be possible
to attract a few highly motivated, wellqua!
lfied teachers to one of the most dlll\cult
teaching jobs In the Nation !or the samA
money tiley could earn ln more affluent
communities, but !t !a clearly unrealistic
and unreasonable to expect many such teachers
to enter more demanding work !or the
same or loos money.
In tile committee's judgment, the salary
levels proposed ln tltle II of H.R. 15131 are
both realistic and reasonable. They will give
the District of Columbia Board of Education
tile advantage It must have to Improve
the quality of lnstructlon in the schools.
They help recognize the teacher's high place
in the scale of community values. This investment
ln the educational system ls a
necessary fundamental step. Good teachers
foster good citizens.
It is in thls spirit that your committee
recommends H.R. 15131, as amended, to the
Senate for p rompt passage.
The t itle was amended, so as to read:
"An act to amend the District of Columbia
Police and Firemen's Salary Act of
1958 to increase salaries, to amend the
District of Columbia Teachers' Salary
Act of 1955 to increase salaries, and for
ORDER OF BUSINESS
Mr. WILLIAMS of Delaware. Mr.
President, will the Senator yield?
Mr. MANSFIELD. I yield.
Mr. WU..LIAMS of Delaware. Mr.
Presid€nt, on the calendar are Calendar
Nos. 1024 and 1025, together with No.
934, the purpose of which is to dispose
of certain items in the stockpile. I wonder
whether they could be brought up
today and acted upon.
Mr. MANSFIELD. No. They wlll not be
brought up today because we have the
conference report on the supplemental
appropriation bill, the school-lunch program,
and other matters which we would
like to consider at this time.
Mr. WILLIAMS of Delaware. The reason
I ask is that two of those measures
pertain to magnesium and beryl. I understand
tha;t there is no objection to
accepting the amendment that I have
pending at the desk to sell those materials
at a comP.etitive bid. I understand
that is the intention of the Department,
anyway-and I asmne it has
no objection-and perhaps those measures
could be disposed of in 5 minutes.
Mr. MANSFIELD. I would be delighted
to do so, after I speak with the distinguished
Senator from Missouri, who is
in charge of these bills.
Mr. Pre ·dent, if I may, I would like to
be r d for 5 or 6 minutes, to com-ple
statement which I believe might
interest to the Senate as a whole.
e PRESIDENT pro tempore. Without
objection it is so ordered.
STATUS OF PENDING LEGISLATION
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, the
Nation is in the throes of a soul-searing
experience. We are as a house on the
verge of dividing against itself.
We grope for some urgent and adequate
response in this tragedy, some instant
solution. So far as the Senate is
concerned, it has even been suggested, for
example, that the brief recess which had
been announced for the Easter period be
cancelled for this purpose. A recess seems
a small matter, and ·1s, in a situation
which looms so large. In the circumstances,
I think we need to be clear as to
what is involved in the so-called Easter
vacation. As planned, the Senate is scheduled
to go out this Thursday night and
return the following Wednesday. Since
the Senate would not meet, in any event,
on Good Friday, Holy Saturday, and
Easter Sunday, what is involved in the
recess, therefore, are 2 days, Monday
and Tuesday of next week.
May I say that if I thought it would
help to advance significantly the work on
legislation which is related to the events
of the past week, the leadership would
urge the Senate to remain in session
from dawn to dusk on those 2 days and
even this weekend. There would be no
curfews on the meeting of the Senate If
it would help. The fact is, however, that
there is no such prospect. If the Senate
were to meet, it would meet for talk and,
of talk on this matter there has already
been a surfeit. The Senate would not
have before it on Monday or Tuesday
next any legislation of consequence. To
make the point clear,let me list the status
of the principal pertinent measures
which are now pending:
First. The Senate amendments to H.R.
2516, the bill which woUld provide protection
3.gainst interference with civil
rights, fair housing, punishment for incitement
to riot and firearms control,
and a "bill of rights" for Indians, are
before the House, and will be voted on,
I understand, today.
Second. Today, the Senate 1s going to
take up the conference report on the ur-geni
supplemental bill which, when
psssed by the Senate, included an additional
$25 million for Headstart and
$75 million for manpower development
and training activities-both of which
were dropped in conference-and hopefully
will be restored on the floor with
.a rejection of the report as it now stands.
Third. On the Senate Calendar 1s H.R.
15398, reported by the Senate Agriculture
Committee, extending the pilot
school breakfast program for 2 years and
authorizing an appropriation of $6.5 million
for each of these two fiscal years
which it is hoped will be disposed of
before the recess.
Fourth. The Senate Committee on the
Judiciary ordered reported on April 4,
with the report to be filed by April 14,
the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe
Streets Act which will provide over $100
million in fiscal 1968 and 1969 and $300
million in fiscal 1970 for grants to law
enforcement agencies for recruiting and
training, grants for riot control and organized
crime, and court-approved wiretapping.
Fifth. Before the Committee on Labor
and Public Welfare 1s an extension and
expansion of the Juvenile Delinquency
program and a bill to provide a broader
based Equal Employment Opportunity
program, amendments to the Higher
Education Act, the Partnership for Earning
and Learning Act, and the Migrant
Labor and Health Act, all of which are
I have just been informed that the
committee has called a meeting for April
24 on the Health Act and the extension
of Equal Employment Opportunities.
Sixth. The Committee on AgricUlture
and Forestry is expected to take action
soon on a bill to increase the authorization
for the food stamp program.
Seventh. The excise tax extension action
which is now in conference includes
several amendments relating to welfare
programs providing aid to fam.!lies with
dependent children, the medicaid-buy-in
program, and the unemployed fathers
Eighth. I have just been informed t\lat
a housing bill may be reported out of
Committee on Banking and Currency on
The list which is by no means exhaustive
is indicative of the kinds of measures
which have been recommended by the
President and which bear upon the situation.
It would be my hope that in the case
of measures which are before Senate
committees, the committees would convene
during the next few days or as soon
as possible to complete their consideration.
All of these measures, In my judgment,
are of significance. All of them,
1n my judgment, should come before the
Senate for disposition during the current
However, the leadership will not engage
In charades. It will not bring the
Senate into session to give the appearance
of urgent action where there is no
prospect of action. To do so, would do no
justice to the gravity of the inner prob- .
lems which confront this Nation. The
fact 1s that we do not have 2 days of
urgent work on the problems which have
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 44, Folder 30, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
April 10, 1968 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE
been so grotesquely silhouetted against report a measure with a oompe.ra.ble degree
the .fl.a.m1ng wreckage 1n the Nation's ot fiscal restra.lnt.
cities. The fact is thalt we have weeks, All three momentous crises must be faced
now and action must be taken, even though
months, years of relentless and painful it w11J not provide ovecnight solutions. Tho
work. It would be well, therefore, for the measures recommended above w111 provide
Senate to use this weekend, this most only a start, but a good and D.eCe68a.l'Y start.
significant weekend, to contemplate the Mr. President, let au of us forget our own
damage which has been done to this polltlcaJ futures, personal and partisan, and
Nation both at home and abroad. It do what must be done for the common good
would be well to begin to steel ourselves and the survival o! the Nation. All else Is o!
for the effort which lies ahead 1! this little consequence. I! the President can make
.tlon Is to be knit together a ""'in in the sa.crlfice whl,ch he has made, I bell eve
....,_ Oongress can Joln h1m ln lllJI.klng the neces-a
new and enduring unity. sary aa.crlfices to see that this Nation Is once
Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent again put on an even keel.
that the statement I made on the floor -
of the Sen~Le on Monday last, entitled
"A Time of Crisis," interrelating the
urban uarcst, Vietnam, and the dollar
problems, be printed in the RECORD.
There being no objection, the statement
was ordered to be printed in the
RECORD, as follows:
A TIME or Clu.siS
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