NovemlJN 1, 1967 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE 815647
ADDRESS BY SENATOR AIKEN AT
MONTANA DINNER TO COMMEMORATE
SENATOR - MANSFIELD'S
25 YEARS IN CONGRESS
Mr. METCALF. Mr. President, when I
was at home in Montana several weeks
ago I was privileged to participate in the
Mansfield Endowment Dinner at Helena,
October 14. The dinner was the second
of two such events, the first held here
in Washington August 24, commemorating
Majority Leader MlKE MANSFIELD'S
25 years in Congress and the beginning of
the Maureen and Mike Mansfield lectures
in international relations at the
University of Montana.
The evening was splendid in every respect.
The featured speaker was our distinguished
and able colleague. the senior
Republican in the U.S. Senate, GEORGE
D. AIKEN. Montanans, Democrats and
Republicans, farmers and ranchers, businessmen,
miners, educators, and students
came from all parts of Montana, and
Senator and Mrs. Aiken came from Vermont
to pay tribute to Montana's senior
Senator, who is Senator AlKEN's longtime
friend and trusted colleague.
Senator AlKEN is recogniZed as a hardworking,
considerate leader in his own
party. It was most appropriate that he
speak at this event. The dinner recognized
the inauguration of a lecture series
in international relations, an area close
to Senator AlKEN because of his many
years of service as a member of the
Committee on Foreign Relations. Senator
AlKEN is also a great champion of
rural America, a man who has helped
solve many problems that plague the
agricultural segment of our economy.
Vermont and Montana have in COilliilOn
topography, friendly people, and the
homes of two great legislators.
Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent
that Senator AIKEN's speech be printed
in the RECORD.
There being no objection, the speech
was ordered to be printed in the RECORD,
SPEECH BY SENATOR GEORGE D. AIKEN, MONTANA
DINNER COMMEMORATING HON. MIKE
MANSFIELD'S 25 YEARS IN THE CONGRESS OF
THE UNITED STATES AND THE ESTABLISHMENT
OP THE "MANSFIELD LECTURES ON INTERNATIONAL
RELATIONS,'' HELENA, MONT., OCTOBER
Mr. Chairman and Friends or Mike Mansfield:
When I received the Invitation to be
here tonight to help the people of Montana
and the University of Montana pay tribute
to your Senior Senator for his twenty-five
years of service in the United States Congress,
I was quite elated.
When I was told that I was expected to ,
make a speech my elation took a nose dive.
What can I say about Mike MnnsfielcL that
the people of Montana do not already know?
You know his background- you know his
clvillan and mi!ltary reoord.
You know of the years when he worked ln
the mines and the years he spent at your
State University as student and teacher.
You know his record In public ll!e and
you know his character.
I have known your senior Senator well
only since that morning In January, 1953,
when we first had breakfast together.
I oould recite to you innumerable incidents
and anecdotes which have occurred
since that morning and which demon.stra te
the caliber of the man.
However, I don't propo6e to spend the next
few minutes In simply eulogizing Mike
I might !Ike to do It-you might !Ike to
hear it-but he would take me to task for
Not that Mike does not appreciate the
respect In which he Is universally held or
being credl ted with the things he does so
Senator Mansfield is the Leader o! the
Democratic Majority In the United States
I have served a long time In the same
Body as a Republican.
I can tell you tonight that Mike Mansfield
is equally respected on both sides or the
Aisle In the Senate Chamber.
There are those who may wonder why the
Majority Leader of the United States Senate
is so well liked by the Minority Members o!
The reason was well expressed by one of
my Republican eolleagues the other day
when he said, "When Mike give~~ his word, he
keeps lt.,When he says there will be no vote .today-
there is no vote. He never pulls a fast
one or takes advantage or a Member's absence
from the Floor."
This Is the reason why Republican Members
of the Senate like your Senior Senator.
There comes a time, however In the lives
or many men when, regardle!IB of the praise
that may be bestowed upon them, they find
that their greatest reward lies In the satisfaction
of knowing that their works have
contributed to the betterment or mankind.
Mike Mansfield Is one of these men so in
deference to him tonight I want to speak
or those thlngs which are cloee to his heart~~-~
and to which he gives his working life.
Whether people are happy or not depends
largely upon government and those who,
by election or otherwise, assume responsibility
for government at each level.
I have always maintained that one who
Ignores, evades or misuses hle responsibility
to the local community will never be too successful
at the State, Nattonal or International
One's service to others Is a yardstick by
which the worth p! a person Is measured
but that service ne~d not always be rendered
by the holding of office.
In the case of Mike Mansfield, his Community
was first the mines of Montana and
later the University of Montana.
In 1943, his service to the State began with
election to the U.S. House of Representatives-
Increasing with his election to the
Senate in 1952.
Since 1953, however, Mike Mansfield has
become more and more a student and benefactor
of the world-respected and trusted
by the community of nations. '
Perhaps It Is because I represent a rural
state that I have worked so closely with
the Senior Senator from Montana.
Vermont is a small state and, until recently,
we had more cows than people.
Montana Is the fourth largest state In area
and even more sparsely populated than Vermont-
yet in many ways our problems are
We have to constantly guard against efforts
to concentrate the power of governmenL
in the National Capital and the economic
power o! the Nation in the populous
financial and Industrial centers.
The urge for empire building Is strong.
and it is so easy for the more wealthy and
populous areas to forget that the wealth
of which they boast WllS not created withm
their urban borders but for the most part
was generated and produced on the farms
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 43, Folder 91, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
s 15648 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE
and in the mines and forests of the more
sparsely populated states.
The financial situation of our large cities
Is such that Congress Is urgently pressed to
remedy their plight at public expense.
It Is an undisputed tact that most large
cities are in an unenviable position and need
However, the solution to the p roblems of
cities that have grown too blg is not to make
The solution lies in making the rural areas
ot the Nation-including Montana and Vermon
t---ada.ptable for ~e spreading out of Industry
This means that not only must electricity
and telephones be made available to the
country but that transportation--£choolsbospitals-
water and sewage disposal systema
must also come within the means or the
It means that Industry must decentralizewith
public assistance-If necessary.
It means that a strong and prosperous
agriculture must be sustained.
To this end, you Senator, Mike Mansfield,
has been working assiduously and successtully.
This year I have again joined with him in
an effort to further expand the program or
the Farmers Home Adm.lnistratlon to encourage
recreation and other sidelines for
~armers and rural residents, as well as to
enlarge the Rural Water Program.
It is not alone in the economic world that
our rural states must be on guard.
It is in the field of governrnen t as well.
Dreams of empire are frequently to he
found in agencies of the Federal government.
The dreamers or planners, as they are
sometimes called, cannot always be condemned
as being either avaicious or despotic.
Usually, they actually believe that they
could do better work and do more good for
more people 1! power and fac!ll ties were more
roncentrated-under their supervision of
This, in their opinion. means the removal
or certain important facilities and branch
omces from the thinly populated states to a
'ew large urban centers.
A striking example of this occurred a few
years ago when a determined elfort was made
to close many Veterans Hospl tal Faclll ties
and provide treatment for local veterans at
hospitals which In some cases were several
hundred miles from their homes.
Mike Mansfield reacted violently to this
He not only saved facilities for the veterans
of Montana, but also was Instrumental In
keeping VA facilities tor thousands of other
veterans throughout the United Ststes.
The job that Mike Mansfield dld for the
veterans of Montana Is only one example
or his service to hls people.
The years he hB.B spent In the Senate are
replete with evidences of his feeling for his
I sat with him In conference with leaders
ot the Canadian Parliament when he persuaded
them that construction or the Libby
Dam would be to the advantage of both
I have firsthand knowledge of his solicItude
tor the welfare of the Indians of
Montan~how he has fought for ratr treatment
for the farmers. the miners and the
buslneas and professional people of this
And each victory he has won for the State
ot Montana has been to the benefit or Vermont
and the other forty-eight Stntes of
The evolution or government Is a continuing
The days when a community was an entity
unto Itself passed Into history long ago.
The days when a criminal could escape
punishment by cr068Jng a state line have
also, for the moot part, gone tor good.
The advance of technology ha.s now so far
eroded time and d.l.atance that the mysterious
distant lands of only a couple genera.t
lons ago are now as close to us and to each
other as t h e States of our Union were t hen.
And with these new conditions have come
new dangers and new hop es.
The means for doing good or evil h ave
multiplied-but the traits of mankind remain
about as they were.
With regional wars b reaking out here and
there and wl th the dark clouds of a greater
confl.lct looming ominously on the horizon,
we must not make mistakes.
The United States Is considered the most
powerful Nation In the world today.
It was predicted by our ablest military
experts that we could handily bring North
VIet Nam to terms Jn a short time.
And now when we consider how dlfflcult
It Is to make progress In that small area, It
makes one wonder bow successful we would
be In confl.Jct with a country that could field
well armed fighting men by the million.
Surely there are ways of settling International
dltl'erences other than through the
waging of war.
These ways we must find.
Your Senator, Mike Mansfield, Is one or
the world's great leaders In searching for
the formula for Pence.
He has become a leader not only in the
United States but around the world because
he Is universally respected and trusted.
Perhaps we have yet to learn that regardless
of race-creed-color or habitat people
are people and possess the same traits as
Nor, would It do us Americans any harm
to learn and practice the art of being humble.
Surely there are other people as smart and
worthy as we are.
Humility- integrity-courage and vision
are as Important 1n nations as they are
In the Individual--or the community, the
source of the progresa of mankind.
During the past twenty-five years Mike
Mansfield has taken those steps upward from
the Community to the State-to the Nation
and to the World.
Wherever one goes, however and whatever
one does, his heart and mind 1nstlnct1vely
turn back to the place or the beginning.
It Is from these sources that the great
men or history have derived much of their
strength and courage.
And so Mike Mansfield tonight returns
again to the University of Montana to the
source of many early Inspirations.
He returns not only to pay homage to this
University but to rectJve the honors which
he has so fairly earned
And to share that honor with hlm Is Maureen
Mansfield, who grew up to be a true
daughter or this State and who has contributed
so much to Mike's success.
Without Maureen his life and work would
have been far more difflcult.
In establishing "The Mansfield Lectures on
International Relations" ~hls University pays
honor to a great alumnus in a manner
designed to serve the four areas of poll tical
progress to which he has dedicated his own
I know that your etl'orts will be crowned
with success and bring to the University of
Montana a rich reward.
November .1, 1967
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 43, Folder 91, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
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