s 19300 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE October 18, 1973
THE MIDDLE EAST CONFLICT
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, in the
Middle East, the conflict grows sharper,
more devastating, more bloody. The Israelis
and the Arabs bear directly and
Immediately the heavY human burdens
of war, but repercussions of the most
serious kind are also beginning to spread
beyond the battlegrounds.
First, all nations Importing Mideast
petroleum face a 17-percent Increase In
the price of crude and, on top of that,
the Arab nations announced that they
will cut production 5 percent at once
and announced, in addition, a 5 percent
reduction each month thereafter.
Second, the United States and U.S.S.R.
are now engaged in the competitive resupply
of weapons to the two sides in
Third, the ,'united States and the
U.S.S.R. have stepped up the relnforcemeJ;
lt of their respective fleets in the
Mediteranean, a sea already seething
with a surfeit of naval power.
Where is the end of this chain of interrelated
development? Is it to be
found in a "military solution" in the
Middle East? How long will it take to run
that course? A week? A month? A year?
Not how many days. Mr. President, but
how many generations. Even if a military
solution were "just around the corner"
and, apparently that is not the case, it is
not a permissive course for any responsible
It is Impermissible in terms of the future
well being of Israel and the Arab
countries. How many corpses must be
counted on both sides before a military
solution is achieved? How much destruction?
Must Cairo be flattened and Tel
Aviv? Damascus? Jerusalem? Has nothIng
at all been learned from the tragedy
of Vietnam and others before It?
To await a military solution is alsu
impermissible on economic grounds.
What will happen to the ecomonies of
the Arab countries when, 20 months from
now, on their own announced schedule,
the last drop of crude flows through
the pipelines of the Mideast ·and the
last well is capped or the price of petroleum
is upped and upped until there are
no more buyers? In the meantime, what
will happen to the economies of '..he great
importers of Arab oil- notably Western
Europe and Japan?
Finally, the course of military solution
is impermissible as an intolerable risk
not only to the s
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