82002 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD- SENATE
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, I am
dellghLed that the distinguished Senator
from Arizona has once again brought
up the copper strike, which has now been
plaguing five Western States, primarily,
for 8 months.
It is my understanding that while I
was in Salt Lake City last Wednesday,
there was a meeting at the White House
attended by Governors from copper-producing
States in the Rocky Mountains
and Members of the House and Senate
from those States.
Mr. FANNIN. The Senator Is correct.
Mr. MANSFIELD. It is my further
understanding that at that time the
President indicated a deep personal interest
in the copper strike and suggested
that the Governors and the Members of
the House and Senate contact both the
companies and the unions to see if something
could not be done to get them both
down to hard day-to-day negotiations.
Mr. FANNIN. The Senator Is correct.
The President did request the Governors
and the Members of Congress to help to
bring this copper strike to a close.
I am sorry that the distinguished majority
leader did not have the opportunity
to be there. I know he would have
certainly contributed gr~tly to that
Mr. MANSFIELD. I am sure the Governors
and my colleagues in .(ll.e House
and Senate were aware of my feelings in
this matter. I was in Salt Lake City that
day, and being in the heart of the copper
country I heard a great deal about copper.
I was in touch with the White House
later that evening so I was able to receive
a fairly verbatim report of , what
As a result of that conference I know
that the Senator and his colleague from
Arizona fMr. HAYDEN], the dean of this
body, and others have sent telegrams and
established contact with the companies
and the unions 1n an attempt to get them
My junior colleague from Montana
[Mr. METCALF] and I did the same thing.
We contacted the Anaconda Co. and the
I have before me an answer from
Joseph P. Molony, chairman of the Nonferrous
Strike Coordinating Committee,
of the Steel Workers Union. The telegram
is in answer to the telegram sent
by Senator METCALF and me. The telegram
from Mr. Molony reads as follows:
The unions lnvolve\f ln the copper strike,
In a meet111g In Denver, Colo., have Jointly
and care!ully considered your telegram of
February 29. We want nothing more and
nothing Jess than a fair settlement of our
strikes at all locations of each company
Involved. We are prepared to resume negotiations
with each company without any
preconditions. I! the companies are wUling
to negotiate without any preconditions,
hopefully we can get on with collective bar-gaining
ond a settlement or the strike. Cc
Mike Mansfield. cc Lee Metca lf.
JOSFPll 'P MOLONY,
Chairman, Noufrronts Strike Coordtnatmg
We also received a tele!(ram from C.
Jay Parkinson. president of the Anaconda
Co., In response to our joint telegram
to him, and his telegram reads as
I am generally In agreemen~ wl~h your
telegram and am pleased to advise you that
each company negotlntlng team In the bargaining
units on strike ha YC been alerted
and will be ready to receive the negoUatlng
group from the appropriate unions on Monday
morning, March 4. at 10:00 a.m. at the
respective company omces to start negotiations
from the beginning without any preconditions
or concPsslons and that all differences
whether economic or otherwise that
are properly negotiable will be discussed and
deliberated, and I hope settled. You will
notice I have used your phrasing In the foregoing
to avoid any misunderstanding.
Kindest personal regards.
C. JAY PARKINSON,
President, The Anaconda Co.
I also have a copy of a telegram sent
by Mr. Molony of the Steel Workers to
Mr. Simpkins, Chief of the Mediation and
Conciliation Service of the Department
of Labor. The telegram reads as follows:
The unions Involved In the Copper Strike
have received a number of telegrams from
members of Congress urging Immediate resumption
of collective bargaining with each
company oo achieve a settlement of the
strike The unions are prepared to resume
collective bargaining with each company
without pre-conditions. We urge that you
arrange bargaining meetings with each company
in New York City at any time next week
starting March 6. Unions wlll have the necessary
Mr. President, this is a slight sign of
progress. We will only know that the
unions and companies mean business
when they meet on either March 4 or
March 6, and that is too long a time to
wait. in my judgment, to slt down around
the table to try to work out dif!erences
that keep them apart at the present time.
The strike itself has had a deadening
effect on the five Western copper-producing
States and has crippled their
economies drastically. It has worsened
the Nation's balance-of-payments deficit,
and it has driven up the cost of many
articles because of the high cost we pay
for copper at the present time.
All in all, the strike has had a very
debilitating effect, not only on the individuals
concerned but on the economies
in general of the States of Montana,
Utar, Nevada, Arizona. and New Mexico.
I 1 Ppeat that the time for these folks
to g t together is long overdue and I
would hope they would get away from
this ballyragging which has been going
on for so long, and that they would get
down to negotiations-and I refer to both
officials of the unions and the companies-
to see what they can do to bring
about some alleviation of the terrible
economic plight which faces the miners
and the smeltermen throughout the
I wish they would realize how much
copper means in our economies. In cities
like Butte and Anaconda ti1crc is no other
commodity on wh1ch !)('OPle can turn
for a livelihood. 1t is Loo bad they must
depend on one product for their livelihood.
but there Is no othf'r bu.~iness to
which they can tmn in which they can
find work from which they can make a
I join all of my coll eagues from the
Rock Mountain SLates, as well as those
from the fabricating States, in urging
that as soon as possible the unions and
the companies get together and really
get down to bedrock In this matter of
Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent
to have printed in the RECORD an
editorial entitled "Copper Boycott,"
which was published in the New York
Times on yesterday.
There being r.o objection, the editorial
was ordered to be printed in the RECORD,
The unions Involved In the marathon copper
strike seem bent on compelling President
Johnson to do the thing they profess to want
least: obtain an eighty-day InJunction under
the national emergency provisions CJ! the
The Administration provided both the
unions and the Big Four copper companies
with an honorable basis for ending the confilet
over companywlde bargaining that has
cut off the great bulk or American mining
for more than seven months. The unions refused
even to test the peace plan.
Then the Interno.t.lonal Longshoremen's
Association clamped a. short-lived boycott on
copper inlports from South America and
Africa.. These Imports have kept military
suppliers and other copper-dependent industries
!rom having to shut down during
the long tie-up. The !.L.A., warned by Its
lawyers of possible damage suits. decided to
lift Its embargo pending a fuller exploration
of all the legal aspects. But now the maritime
unions have, In effect, called on the strikers
to set up select! ve picket lines as a means of
blocking off everything except defense shipments.
"Not one pound of copper will move."
they say. Several fabricating plants already
have been obliged to shut down !or lack of
metal, and the Idleness will undoubtedly
Even without the deadening effect of these
latest developments, tile strike has crippled
ethe economies · o! the five chle! Western
mining states, worsened the nation's balance-
of-paymenl'ts deficit by several hundred
mllllon dollars and driven up the cost
of weapons !or Vietnam by forcing rellance
on high-priced foreign copper.
How much worse must the situation become
before the President considers It ·a
Mr. FANNIN. I wish to take this opportunity
to commend our majority leader
for the manner in which he has pushed
for a settlement of the strike.
At this time I should like to inform
my colleagues, and to advise the majority
leader, that today it is expected
that a 10-j
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