814322 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE July .'10, /.J
ARMS AID TO TURKE'l
Mr. MANSFIELD Mr. President, I
would like to apeak on a most ImPOrtant
aubJect which has nothlna to do with
the pend1ng buslnes!l It Is the question,
it 11 the ll;lue, really. ot arms aid to
A! "e till know. the President Is at
Hel.alnkl at the pre ent time. He Is end~
vorlng to &rt'llnte t.a.lks with the appropr1atc
Tu.rkillh omclala there.
In the meantime, we have been ghen
orders as to how the bases 1n Turke)· wUl
be controlled by the Turb, although our
troops are allowed to remain.
We are a,.,·are of the !act that accordlni
to rePOrts about 25 percent o! our ln~
lllgence operations vl.a-41.-\is the Soviet
UnJon are located 1n Turkey and we have
spent something on the order or $1 5
The other body some few days ago
turned do"" n a comprornJse proPOSal
which ho.d been oiicrf'd by the President.
The vote was QUlte close and the Issue ls
no,.,· once agaln, before the Congreo>.'<
~nnlly, I \\1sh It was 1)06Slble In
some -.nr.y tor the Howe to tnke up this
me~ure and reconsider Ita previous IICUon.
s, but with ttmc running short and
with the Congycss going out. on I-'rlday,
we now have t>e!ore us Ule State-Justice
appropriAtions bill to which a 1)06SlbWty
of an amendment affecting aid to Turkey
could be considered.
I weak compassionately about Greece
because I think 'lllhat hl\8 been done 1s
not in the best. Interests of Greece. not
in the best mterest.s ot Its outstanding
Premier, Mr. Karamanl.lll, not In the best
interests o! Cyprus, not in the best Interests
of the refugees In Cyprus, and
because lt something ts not done to break
the impasse which hll6 resulted because
ot a situation or1gtnally Inaugurated by
the so-called colonels' clique ot the
Greek Government, It mean., that there
wUl be no progress mo.de. and that the:se
Greek refugees, the Cypriot refugees on
Cyprus, WUl continue to be In a sorry
state, and that Improvement In TurkishCypriot
relations '111111 not occur, and that.
in my oplnlon, the situation In Greece
WUl become more dlft\cult !or Prime MinIster
Kara.rnanlls and wlll be furthrr
away than ever from a pos.~lble settlement
which could, I think, be achieved
and should be 1n the best interests of
Greece and Turkey.
Mr. HUGH SCOTT. Wlll the Senator
Mr. M.AJ.'i!SFIELD. I need not reiterate
again to this body what the situation
could well be It some agreement, some
compromise. 1s not reached. We know. of
course, that o! all the NATO rulles Turkey
hns by far the longest border "ith
the Soviet Union. approximately 1,000
mUes. I understand. The only other
NATO country Is Norway, v.lth a common
frooUer with the Soviet Union, and
that ill very UtUe n.s far &.'> mllenie Is
We know also that the Greeks have
given us a polite request to tone down
some o! our activities In Turkey. We
know that I! Turkey does not get anns
from thiS country, for which 1\he has already
paid, she wtU turn to Western
Europe, Eastern Europe or the Soviet
Union and to pay for th011e arms In all
llltellhood she wlll most likely turn to
the Arab States 1n tho Middle F:nst.
Up to this time the Turks htl.ve adopted
a hands-of!, very correct attitude, as far
as the Middle East situation is concerned.
and, hopefully, she wlll continue
to adopt that attitude. But It she hu.s to
turn to the Arabs for money to buy anns
which she cannot get from u.s, tor which
she has ruready pnld, thl\t menns that
as a Mohammednn country, It might
take a more nctlve Interest In that most
d.ltl!.cult POWder pot In thnt part of the
I yield to the dlsUngulshcd mlnorlty
Mr. HUGH SCOTT. I thank the distinguished
& ,.,c know, Paklstnn, for example,
has turned In som dearee to the Arab
Mr l\IA."'SFIELD As a matter o! !act,
some Pak t n1 troops In the lnllt war,
I believe, were t oned In Iraq.
Mr. HUGH SCOTI' That Is correct. I!
Turkey goes that s me route I cannot
tor the tc ot me sec how It helps either
Greece or Il rae! Certainly, v.1th the
tremendous number of nuclear lnstnlla-
Uons In Turkey the future. w .~;hi
no one can argue, Is certa 1 unpre-dictable
It hanp like a great menace
over our frlends 1n Greece and '
We have seen already the grlrl
dreadful results o! the lack o~ prog1 .;
so far. I understand the dlStlnguishcd
maJority leader Is slmply nskin th t
the House be given a chance to take action
It It wants to.
Mr. MANSFIELD Titat Is correct
Mr. HUGH SCOTT. The Sennto Is not
asking us to repeat what we have d ne- to
engage In the old controversY. to .e
the record, but that unless an open! g
Is left !or the House by way of this endeavor,
the House, which we are lnfonned
by members ot Its prmclpru committee on
thiS subJect would at least like to make a
try, would even be denJed that privilege.
I think that Is Just very un!ortunate. I
hope the action will at least result In
permitting the House ot Representative.,
to have a try at it. I think there Is a com- "'
tty between the two bodies here which
rePOrtedly still exlst.s to some degree. I
would like to see us recognize the wish or
tho chairman of the Committee on International
Affairs and the ranking maJortty
Member and others who do believe
that the Ume has come to take another
I am told. too. that Dean Al!ange, of
New York. a very prominent GreekAmerican.
has taken a new and strong
posttlon. He has become convinced that
the action In the House bill for Turkey
ought to be done because there ls no
other '1111\Y by which we can move toward
the health aid to displaced Cypriot refugees.
He ha.~ stated his views on that.
Many Members of thl& body know the
name ot Denn Altange and he has decided
to put his country, the UnJted States.
11bove everything In his pleading to hls
fellow Greeks to do the same. The Greeks
v. hom I know, who have honored me time
and again, are very likely to come around
to that POSition I! the Congress will give
them some explanation of what It Is try-
..!EB to _QQ..
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 50, Folder 65, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
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