8412 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE .' <7~ 1w.ry ."'.!,., 197.1,.
Montana and routed over northern Id::h 1
and the State of Oregon Into the Pacific.
Assuming 100 percent efficiency, there
would be no fallout In Montana and the
falling debris would be encountered over
national forest lands in northern Idaho.
The Minuteman n missile system is
one of the more sophisicated and successful
weapon systems in our program.
It is my understanding that the testing
at Vandenberg has been highly successful.
The risk involved is likely to be negligible,
but it is a matter of sincere concern
to many. Should a missile misfire at
the launching site, the immediate damage
would, of course, be tremendous . .!UJ;o,
there is considerable apprehension on
the part of our neighboring States of
Idaho and Oregon should the flight pattern
or operation of the missile malfunction.
The safety question is not the only
area of concern. Primarily I question
whether the appropriation of $26.9 million
is necessary at a time when the Nation
is faced with an unusual number of
budget requests of competing prioricy-.
Information available to me Indicates
that the Minuteman n system is a h1ghly
successful and sophisticated one and
the testing at Vandenberg supports this
At a time when we are endeavoring
to bring about international peace, the
Inland testing of such missiles seems to
be entirely unnecessary. While the administration
has not said so in so many
words, I get the distinct Impression that
one of the compelling reasons for these
tests is the flexing of our muscles in the
ongoing debate on International arms
control. Tbe use of this weapons system
In our international negotiations is untimely
and unnecessary in my es-timation.
Tbe announcement baa generated
some concern In my State through the
----...... ------------newspapers, radio and television and a
"GIANT PATRIOT"-MINUTEMAN ll
OPERATIONAL BASE LAUNCH
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, durIng
the congressional recess the Department
of the Air Force announced that
they were proceeding with their plans to
conduct demonstration launches of the
Minuteman n missile system during the
winter, 1974-75. The program is designed
to demonstrate the effectiveness of the
deterrent represented by Minuteman n.
In the past, Minuteman missile testing
has been conducted at Vandenberg Air
Force Base In California. To date no tests
have been held at the operational bases
located throughout the Nation.
The Minuteman n missile complex is
deployed at three locations-Wing I at
Malmstrom Air Force Base in Montana
and the other two wings at Ellsworth
and Whiteman Air Force Bases. Wing I
has been selected foc the initial operational
launches under this proposed testing
program. The testing of these missile
sites in my State gives pause to consider
several aspects of the program including
what elfect there will be In the Immediate
area and what potential hazards exist
in the western part of Montana and our
neighboring States. These launches, as I
understand It, will be launched from
number of letters from individual constituents.
The outcry bas not been tremendous,
but It is sincere and has come
from many di1Jerent walks of lif&-businessmen,
rancher~~, farmers, legisla.tors,
and even mliltary personnel.
The Department has had the authorIty
to proceed, but I strongly urge Congress
to take a stand In opJl0151tion
through the appropriation process, to
further consideration of any testing from
operational bases within the continental
United Sta.tea. I do not belleve that It is
necessary and It would be an unwise ex-penditure
of Federal ftmds. ·
I ask unanimous consent that an editorial
in the Montana Standard of Butte
tmder date of January 10, 1974, be printed
in the REcoRD
There being no objection, the editorial
was ordered to be printed in the ~coRD,
BETI'Eil RzAsc?N NEEDED FOil Mmsn:.r; Tl:sTs
We wonder 11 the Cascade County commissioners
would favor ICBM tests 11 the
mlssfies were being tired over, Instead ot
from, Great Palls.
We wonder tr Mlssoula would object to the
tests 11 the Minuteman mlssUes were to fly
over Butte instead of the Oanien City.
We wonder 11 Dick Sboup would support
the tests 11 he were stUl mayor over there
MObtly, though, we JUbt wonder U th6 testa
are neceMary. U it's determined tb.a't they
we nec:.sary, and - can get a guarantee
from the secretary of de!enae hlmaell (aay
at the r1sk of his job) that no Injuries or
property c1amage wUl result, then go ahead.
The Penmgon wants to shoot a few mlasUes
downrange from an operat.ional bas&Malmatrom-
to Impress the Soviets, we're
told. (U would be ln the aplrlt ot dbtenta 11
the Rusalan ambassador would send a note'
to the Pentagon assuring ua that they're
already Impressed with our capabuttles and
that no shot Is needed. Of course, It would
be ln the spirit of detente not to want to
tmpresa the Soviets with a nuclear mlsaUe ln
the first place, so maybe the spirit noally
The Minuteman mlaaUea to be 1l.recl, we
understand, are 8oon to be replaced by advanced
models. Why teat an obsolete
weapons system, especially at a cost of cl~
to tao mUllon? Why weren't they teated before
they became obsolete?
And, 11 the Pentagon Is so sure the llrlnga
c&n be carried olf success1ully, where Is the
need to test?
Rep. Shoup may be right about· the relative
absence of danger Involved ln the proposed
testa, but that Isn't the same as sayIng
the teats are needed.
We hope Gov. Judge and Sen. Manslleld
get some good reasons from the defense people
before they give their approval to the
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 49, Folder 44, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
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