812130 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE June 27, 1978
THE PRESIDENT'S VETO OP THE
URGENT SECOND SUPPLEMENTAL
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President, according
to press reports on Tue5day.
spokesman for the White House pictured
the President as "taktng a careful
JU>proach to two areas of potentially
sharp controversy with Congress;· and
that "Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L.
Warren said that Nllwn would consult
with congressional leaden; before deciding
whether to sign or veto legislation
that would cut o1l funds for U.S. military
activity in or over Cambodia. and Lao6."
The dispatch goes on to state:
Although Nixon strongly opposed the leglalatlon
prior to its passage Tuesday. warren
said the President now wants to study the
Issue. The spokesman would not say whether
Senator John c. Tower. or Texu, had the
benefit or lnslde tnrormatlon when he told
the newsmen he was "lncllned to th1nk the
President w1ll not veto the bill."
Mr. President. it is with the deepest
concern and regret, despair and perhaps
a degree of shock and eJarm that I greet
the Presidtnt's announced veto of the
urgent second supplemental appropriation
measure. The word "urgent" 1s not
my ch&racteriz&tion.. Its urgency was so
maintained at ~time this funding proposal
was submitted to the Concress by
My concern and regret are founded on
the fact that the moneys cont&ined and
approved in this measure are supposedly
absolutely essential it this Nation is to
pursue those policies and programs at
home and abroad that are vital to the
interests of this Nation-programs dealing
with health and welfare and, yes,
even national security.
My shock and alarm. however, lie in
the fact that I suspect most assuredly
that the veto was occasioned because of
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 49, Folder 6, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
June 27, 1978 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE s 12131
the bombing halt provided by th1s proposal
as it wss sent to the White House.
Let me just sa;v that the action taken
in vetoing this measure if not rever.sed
can lead OD)y to a oonstituUonal impasse
over the Issue of war and peace and over
the abllit,y of the American people to
affect tho&e issUes as never before witnessed
in the bistory of this Republic.
It is clear beyond doubt that the embazgo
on Jvvnhing was not just the voice
of the Senate. not just the voice of the
House of Representa&ives but the loud
and clear will of the American people
eKPimsed anrl exerc1sed through their
duly elected represenlalives. To ignore
it, to veto tt.. is mo6l; alalming.
I can ooJy sa;v, and I believe I speak
in behalf of the great majority of the
American people, In sa,y1ng that this veto
will not and must not inhibit this effort
to shu&; olf the use of American resources
to canyOn. these continued actions in
Camlvvtia and in other parts of IndochJna..
Tbts pmUcu1ar bill D1a.Y be vetoed
and indeed the veto ma.Y be sustained.
but there will be other-laws required and
they, too. must be presented for signature
in the next few da.Ys. It is my judgment
that they, too. will contain an expression
of the wiD. of the American people
on the issue of tbe continued wac in
Camlvvtia and the wa,y in which taxpayer
funds are used to press that war
forwa.rd with planes and bombs. with
destruction and devastation.
What the Congress has attempted to
do is to stop an ill-adVised. illegal, unconstitutional
slaughter of Cambodians
by American bombi!lg. In 5 months of
this year and approximately 110 days of
continuous bombings, we have dropped
over 200,000 tons of bombs on Cambodia
compared to 175,000 tons of bombs in the
preceding 3 years.
The bombing at times has been heavier
than the Christmas season---season of the
Princ;_e of Peace---aga.ins Hanoi. Haiphong
and North Vtetnam.
In an of Indochina, we have dropped
approximately 6.6 million tons of bombs
compared to 3.2 millilln tons of bombs
in an of World War H. an Increase ol
3..3 mill1on tons of bOmb&. let alone the
casualties we have su11ered. the cost entailed
and the problems created here at
The United states does not belong In
Indochina and never has, and of all the
places we do not belong ln. Cambodia is
the m06t outstanding. We are supporting
a COrnJ.Pt dictator. We have created a
client state and we are keeping it in
power through bombings.
While the cost has been h1gh for us,
it has been hlgber for the Indochinese
people. Where is this peace with honor
wh1ch we have been told about time and
time again? Why are we creattnt new
American dead and new American prisoners
of wac in Camlvvli.a?
A veto can precipitate an extremely
dangerous economic situation. It is an
ill-advised move wh1ch goes contrary to
the will and the wishes of the Congress
and the American people. If the veto is
upbeld. it would be our tntentlon-I repeat-
to attach similar Cambodian
riden to every other possible piece of
Ieglslation, and we will do lt. because Wlder
the Constitution only the Congress
has been given the 'IV8l"DDaaring power,
not tbe President. and Congress has
If tbe President ~ not v:ant to sto::>
the bombing in cambodia but does want
to stop the Government from functioning,
that is the President's responsibility.
Mr. PERCY. Mr. President. I have
listened with grave concern to the distinguished
majorit,y leader. L too, was
shocked to receive word of this veto. I
wish to ask the majorit,y leader for
iurtber cla.riftcation as to the statement
he has made. As I uoderstand the procedure.
we will be voting on whether or
not to override the President's veto.
Mr. MANSFIELD. No. the Boose will
Mr. PERCY. The House will act first.
Mr. MANSPIELD. "'be House wtll have
that opportunity and it is my belief that
very l1kely the veto would be upheld. bot
that does not mean the end of the Eagleton
amendment by any means. because
it will be offered again and again and
again until the will of the people prevails.
Mr. PERCY. So 1t 1S the intention of
the leadership to see Unt the Cambodian
amendllient is not in any way dropped;
the will of Congress wtll continue, and it
will be offered on every single bill that is
appropriate for it to be attached to, and
the President will then be faced with the
decision each and every time he vetoes a
bill, and the efforts will continue.
Mr. MANSFIELD. It is not the intention
of the leadership, but It is the intention
of the Senator from Montana. As far
as I am concerned. I would hope there
would not be another upcoming urgent
supplemental appropiratton bill.
Mr. HUMPRHEY. Mr. President, President
Nixon has vetoed the second supplemental
appropri.ations bill for fiscal
1973, H.R. 7447. on which action by COngress
had been completed last night. .
'l1le President has once again rejected
the expressed will of the Congress not
only on a number ·of domestic needs, but
also the expressed will of the COngre.&<;
in demanding an end to the cruel and illegal
boolbing of Cambodia.
This apparent reflex action on the part
of the President re11ects a total failure
to consider the profoundly serious impact
of denying these funds for programs of
vital imparlance to CCllllDlunitles across
America and to thousands upon thousands
of our cltizeos.
The President's veto undermines an
intensive effort in which I and other
Senators and Congressmen have been
engaged to assure the provision of summer
job opportunities for several hundred
thousand disadvantaged youth In
areas of poverty across the Nation. at
the same level as last year.
The President•s veto shuts down a
number of education programs serving
handicapped chlldren, by denying $13.8
million in additional funds desperately
needed to keep • these programs alive
through September. It will be recalled
that this crisis would not have arisen in
the first place if the President's own adIJlinistration
had not committed an illegal
activitv in backdating contracts
last year, the correction of which neces-sltated
the wttbdr.nral of tanda apprcpriated
for the current fiscal year.
The President's veto ignores the nntl'itlon
needs of children by ~ecUtl.g $fi
million appropriated for school lunch
The President's vote completely disregards
the extensive damage infticled
in major areas of the country by 1loods
over the past 2 years. by h<ing the appropriatioo
of $35 million for ~ restoraUan
work under tbe Department of
Tbe President's veto vuuld .scuttle the
IIUPJor aooomplishments of Congress in
enacting legislation to sub5te.ntl&lly improve
medical care for America's vet-erans.
by turning down an appropriation
of $20 million for- asststame for
Health Manpower Training InsUtuUoos.
Tbe President•s veto reJects the counsel
of House-Senate conferees &hat appropriaUons
already enacted by Qmgress
for major health programs be released
from imJ)OUD.dment and obligated fmthwitb..
The President's veto turns a deaf ear to
the urgent appeal of 'tbousaDds of )lOUth
in need of financial aJd to pursue a college
The President's veto c:ompooods the
irresponsibility of his earlier veto of the
vocational rehabilitation amemdments.
by disapproving an appropriation of $610
million for vitally needed State programs
under the existing act
These are only some of the )righlights
of the extensive impact upon this Nation
of the President's veto of the supplemental
appropriations bill. Millions of AmerIcans
will be denied services which they
desperately need. The United States continues
to bomb a primitive country, cambodia..
A stubborn President refuses to cooperate
with the elected representatives
of the people. I strongly urge the Col.gress
to act immediately to override this
Mr. KENNEDY. Mr. President. In the
long line of distressing vetoes by President
Nixon over the past 4 years, toda.Y's
veto of the end-the-Jxvnblng Jegfslat;lon
will rank as his cruelest and least justifiable
No action by the President more clearly
demonstrates the totalitarian attitude
that has come to be called the Waterga~
mentalit,y-alone in the White House.
out of touch with Congress, out of touch
with the vast majorit,y of the people of
the Nation. the President has decreed
that America shall go on k1lUng and
bombing in Indochina.
Long after our troops and prisoners
have come home. long after any possible
justlftcatlon for the bombing has YBDish.
ed. tbe war continues for mDl1ons of
innocent men and women and children
of Indochina. They ask America. "Why?"
What reply can we gtve, ~t that we
have a bitter and embattled President ·
who does not understand his country?
Now, however, COngress 1& strong in
its common new resolve to end tbe ldlling.
And so, I urge the House of Representatives
to muster the strength t'b override
the veto, and thereby demonstrate
to the President, in 1anguage he can
understand. that America wants peace.
Mike Mansfield Papers, Series 21, Box 49, Folder 6, Mansfield Library, University of Montana
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