87492 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE JJTay 20, 197C
Mr. MANSFIELD. Mr. President,
President Nixon has stated that all
American troops will be removed from
CambodiA.n tRrritory by July 1, :970. and
that American~ will not reenter Cambodia
in the ~ut11re. The Cooper-Church
amendment i'S consistent with the President':
« plect"e on Cambodia. By arlopting
the Coopec Church amendent. the Senate
will be acting in concert---and let me
emphasLe U">.ose words "in t·oncert·•with
.his intent. even as i t exercl.bes its
separate crmst1tutl.onal responsibility in
matters of v.-ar and peace. The CooperChurch
amendment will reinforce President
Nixon s an..Tiounced expectation that
the troops will be removed from Cambodia
and t.hllt they will not be orderedwithout
into that nation.
It has lwen urged on the fl.oor of the
Senate thrt this action is an attempt for
the first orne m history to define the
limits of a. battlefield in a war ! tt-..ink it
ls more appropriate to describe the
amendment as an effort to limit U.S. involvement.
US casualties. and U.S. costs
1n e. tragic war It is an effort to confine
the war tn a cmmtry before tt spreads
over a con•"L'1ent.
To spe<:tk of the Cooper-Church
amendment as an affront to the President
as Comr:1".nder in Chief is to affront
the Senl\t~' Ell.ch branch has its own oonstltutiona!
functions. The Pre.~ident has
hl..s dut,,, We have ours The Senatethe
Congre~>.<;- -have fundamental constitutional
n·sponsibilities with respect to
the r-;atlon ·~ foreign relations and warmaking
Bow can the assert'.on of this
constit.ut'r.nn.l obligation by the Senate
be an affront to the President?
It sePm, t;trs of erosion, decades of
cro..«wn. of ·~ongressional responsibility
m these matters For too long, the Senate
has been all too ready to accept thi5 situation
It lS time. now. for the Senate to
stop going clong for the ride. We have
rea.cbed the end or the line in Cc
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